Pueblo Viejo: Archaeological Investigations at a Classic Period Cemetery in El Reposo Park, Phoenix, Arizona

Author(s): M. Zyniecki

Year: 1993


The City of Phoenix sponsored a voluntary archaeological project at the proposed location of a new recreation building. The project area is within the large Hohokam village of Pueblo Viejo, AZ T:12:73(ASM). The village was occupied from the Colonial period through the Classic period and covers about 640 acres.

Field work at the site was conducted between March 30 and April 14, 1992, by a crew of four. Post-excavation monitoring of utility trenches by a single archaeologist took place September 21-22, 1992. A total of 185 m of trench was mechanically excavated, and 728 m2 were mechanically stripped. Forty features were identified: 3 crematoria, 31 secondary cremations, 2 trash-filled pits, 1 trash deposit, a prehistoric fence line with 20 postholes, and 2 historic/modern alignments of fence posts. Features dated to the Sacaton through the Polvorón phases, approximately A.D. 1000-1450. The crematoria, cremations, and prehistoric fence line constituted a cremation cemetery, which dated primarily to the Classic period. The trash features dated to the Sedentary through Classic periods and were probably filled and abandoned before the cemetery existed.

Artifact analyses and ceramic temper analysis indicate that the Classic period inhabitants of the site did not interact to a great degree with their close neighbors but that they did participate in the larger regional network. Obsidian, which was sourced to the Sauceda Mountains, and marine shell were recovered. The presence of a "stone ball'' suggests ritual activities. Analysis of artifacts from earlier surveys alludes to the possibility that the pre-Classic period inhabitants of Pueblo Viejo had more interactions with nearby sites.

The human remains and associated grave goods were analyzed at Pueblo Grande Museum. All analyses were nondestructive in nature. At least 32 individuals were identified in the 31 secondary cremations. Twenty of the individuals were adults and two were children, with no age determinations possible for the remainder. The gender of 10 adults could be discerned; 5 were females and 5 were males.

The results of the project demonstrate that the Classic period Hohokam associated with the El Reposo Park project area of Pueblo Viejo participated in the Hohokam regional network and conducted many of the same activities and had technologies similar to contemporaneous sites.

Cite this Record

Pueblo Viejo: Archaeological Investigations at a Classic Period Cemetery in El Reposo Park, Phoenix, Arizona, 75. M. Zyniecki. 1993 ( tDAR id: 446142) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8446142

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min long: -112.088; min lat: 33.384 ; max long: -112.052; max lat: 33.409 ;

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