Excavation of the Gibbon Springs Site: A Classic Period Village in the Northeastern Tuson Basin
This volume summarizes data recovered from the Gibbon Springs site, AZ BB:9:50 (ASM), located in the northeastern Tucson Basin. This large Classic period site had a central compound surrounded by houses. Data and materials were obtained from 24 structures and hundreds of other features (e.g., pits, cremations, middens).
Materials from Gibbon Springs suggest that either a non-indigenous population inhabited the site or there was another social arrangement between the Tucson Basin Hohokam and prehistoric peoples from the San Pedro Valley (such as through intermarriage). Evidence of this contact comes from ceramics and structures. During the Classic period, social systems changed and the conflict and interaction between groups increased. Gibbon Springs was founded and abandoned during these times by peoples who migrated to the site and formed a new village in an area void of other settlements.
Perhaps the most important discovery was tree-ring-datable wood artifacts. Cutting-dates (A.D. 1247 and 1249) were identified from two of the samples. Gibbon Springs, and its sister site of Whiptail Ruin, yielded the first reported tree-ring dates from the southern desert regions of the Southwest.
Cite this Record
Excavation of the Gibbon Springs Site: A Classic Period Village in the Northeastern Tuson Basin, 87. Mark Slaughter, Heidi Roberts. 1996 ( tDAR id: 446158) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8446158
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
Ax • Bone • Bone Awl • Brownware • Ceramic • Chipped Stone • Cibola Whiteware • Core • Dragoon Ware • Fauna • Fire Cracked Rock • Grinding Slab • Ground Stone • Hammerstone • Handstone • Human Remains • Lapstone • Macrobotanical • metate • Mortar • Papago Plainware • Papago Redware • Pestle • Plainware • Pollen • Red-on-Brown • Redware • San Carlos Redware • San Simon Red-on-Brown • Shell • Tabular Tool • Textile • Tularosa Black-on-White • Wingfield Plainware Show More
Adobe House • Adobe Wall • Agricultural or Herding • Archaeological Feature • Check Dam • Compound • Compound Wall • Cremation • Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex • Domestic Structures • Hamlet / Village • Hearth • Inhumation • Midden • Pit • Post Hole / Post Mold • Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features • Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno • Rock Alignment • Rock Concentration • Rock Pile • Settlements • Stain • Terrace • Trash Dump • Trash Midden
Archaeological Overview • Architectural Survey • Data Recovery / Excavation • Historic Background Research • Records Search / Inventory Checking • Research Design / Data Recovery Plan • Site Evaluation / Testing
min long: -110.845; min lat: 32.254 ; max long: -110.72; max lat: 32.365 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Contact(s): SWCA Environmental Consultants
Contributor(s): Susan B. Bierer; Dennie O. Bowden, III; William Deaver; Jeffrey S. Dean; Suzanne K. Fish; Lee Fratt; Linda M. Gregonis; James M. Heidke; Gary Huckleberry; Diana C. Kamilli; Laurel Myers; Kathy Puseman; Jennifer Rickard; Heidi Roberts; Jennifer Strand; Arthur Vokes
Project Director(s): Mark Slaughter
Prepared By(s): SWCA, Inc. Environmental Consultants
Submitted To(s): Canoa Homes
|Name||Size||Creation Date||Date Uploaded||Access|
|94-87_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf||33.21mb||Mar 5, 2021 9:51:20 AM||Public|
|This file is the redacted version of the resource.|
|94-87_OCR_PDFA.pdf||39.69mb||Jul 1, 1996||Jun 5, 2018 10:05:26 AM||Confidential|
|This file is the unredacted version of the resource.|