Excavation of the Gibbon Springs Site: A Classic Period Village in the Northeastern Tuson Basin

Author(s): Mark Slaughter; Heidi Roberts

Year: 1996

Summary

This volume summarizes data recovered from the Gibbon Springs site, AZ BB:9:50 (ASM), located in the northeastern Tucson Basin. This large Classic period site had a central compound surrounded by houses. Data and materials were obtained from 24 structures and hundreds of other features (e.g., pits, cremations, middens).

Materials from Gibbon Springs suggest that either a non-indigenous population inhabited the site or there was another social arrangement between the Tucson Basin Hohokam and prehistoric peoples from the San Pedro Valley (such as through intermarriage). Evidence of this contact comes from ceramics and structures. During the Classic period, social systems changed and the conflict and interaction between groups increased. Gibbon Springs was founded and abandoned during these times by peoples who migrated to the site and formed a new village in an area void of other settlements.

Perhaps the most important discovery was tree-ring-datable wood artifacts. Cutting-dates (A.D. 1247 and 1249) were identified from two of the samples. Gibbon Springs, and its sister site of Whiptail Ruin, yielded the first reported tree-ring dates from the southern desert regions of the Southwest.

Cite this Record

Excavation of the Gibbon Springs Site: A Classic Period Village in the Northeastern Tuson Basin, 87. Mark Slaughter, Heidi Roberts. 1996 ( tDAR id: 446158) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8446158

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Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -110.845; min lat: 32.254 ; max long: -110.72; max lat: 32.365 ;

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94-87_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf 33.21mb Mar 5, 2021 9:51:20 AM Public
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94-87_OCR_PDFA.pdf 39.69mb Jul 1, 1996 Jun 5, 2018 10:05:26 AM Confidential
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