Diet and Decisions in Island and Coastal Settings: Current Zooarchaeological Research
19th Century • 18th Century • 1840-1860 (California Gold Rush, Mid-Nineteenth Century) • medieval to early modern • 1814-1865
North America • Coahuila (State / Territory) • New Mexico (State / Territory) • Oklahoma (State / Territory) • Arizona (State / Territory) • Texas (State / Territory) • Sonora (State / Territory) • United States of America (Country) • Chihuahua (State / Territory) • Nuevo Leon (State / Territory)
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"Coon, possum, rabbit, squirrel en aw dat": A zooarchaeological investigation of foodways at Witherspoon Plantation, South Carolina (2015)Citation DOCUMENT
This paper examines the results of zooarchaeological analysis completed on faunal remains from Witherspoon Island, a 19th century cotton plantation in South Carolina. This research contributes to a larger ongoing historical archaeological project exploring the lives of enslaved African-Americans and their descendants on the remote absentee plantation. To examine shifting food practices at the site, we present the results of the analysis of faunal remains recovered from two house and adjacent...
Food for Thought: Comparing Diets of Enslaved People on Southern Plantations through Preliminary Faunal Analysis (2015)Citation DOCUMENT
Extensive excavation at Kingsley Plantation (within the Timucuan Ecological and Historical Preserve National Park in Jacksonville, Florida) has yielded a wealth of data through which to interpret the lifeways of enslaved Africans who lived and worked there between 1814 and the Civil War. Located on Fort George Island, Kingsley Plantation offered an environment rich in terrestrial as well as estuarine faunal resources. Through preliminary analysis of faunal samples collected from cabin...
Global Networks of Trade, Migration and Consumption: Evidence from the Gold Rush-Era Fauna at Thompson’s Cove (CA-SFR-186H), San Francisco, California (2015)Citation DOCUMENT
San Francisco, originally known as Yerba Buena, became a confluence of international trade, human migration and commercial activity during the California Gold Rush (1848-1855). How did the massive influx of argonauts to the San Francisco Bay area affect domestic, native and exotic fauna in this region? A recently excavated site, Thompson’s Cove (CA-SFR-186H), located on the original shoreline of Yerba Buena Cove in present day downtown San Francisco, provides new evidence into this global...
Icelandic Livestock Improvement on a Millennial Scale: Biometrical Analyses of Caprine Morphology (2015)Citation DOCUMENT
The increase in the size of domestic animals across Europe has often been characterized as a result of the Second Agricultural Revolution. However, zooarchaeology has been able to explore incremental improvements to livestock across Europe beginning in the late medieval period. Intellectually connected to Europe but isolated from significant trade routes, Iceland is a unique location from which to explore the various factors at work during the last millennium that lead to notable increases in...
Phase III Investigations Of The Noxon Tenancy, 7NC-F-133, New Castle County, Delaware: An Examination Of The Faunal Material (2015)Citation DOCUMENT
In 2012, Louis Berger cultural resources staff completed Phase III archaeological excavations at the Noxon Tenancy site (7NC-F-133), as part of the Delaware Department of Transportation (DelDOT) U.S. 301 project. After completion of the field and laboratory work, over 2,000 pieces of particularly well-preserved faunal material were recorded from across the site, including bone recovered from the wood-lined well, pit, and sheet midden features. This project affords researchers with the...
Slavery and Freedom on the Periphery: Faunal Analysis of Four Ante- and Post-bellum Maryland Sites (2015)Citation DOCUMENT
Vertebrate faunal remains recovered from four Maryland cultural resource management projects provide a unique opportunity to explore the dietary patterns of formerly enslaved and free African Americans in the late-18th to early-20th centuries. Maryland straddled the border between a slave based, plantation economy and a free labor economy, allowing its African American communities more opportunities to gain their freedom and earn a living. Faunal assemblages were analyzed and compared to assess...