An Archaeological Transect Across the Western Prescott Periphery: Prehistoric Site Distribution Based on Combined Survey Results

Author(s): Thomas E. Wright; David E. Purcell

Year: 1996

Summary

Three archaeological surveys have been conducted along parallel transects through west-central Arizona: the Museum of Northern Arizona's survey of the Mead to Phoenix powerline right-of-way, SWCA's survey of Mead to Phoenix project construction access roads, and Archaeological Research Services's survey of the U. S. Highway 93 right-of-way for the Arizona Department of Transportation. Combining the results of these surveys and previous research reveals three major concentrations of sites. These consist of 15 sites on the Santa Maria River and its tributaries, either sites in Burro Creek vicinity, and 16 sites in the Big Sandy River area near Wikieup. All of these locations center on permanent water sources, but differences in site type, size, and cultural and temporal affiliation between groups may reflect the differential availability of other resources, including arable land, high-quality lithic raw material, and floral resources.

This paper was presented at the Prescott Archaeology Conference, May 10-11, 1996.

This file includes related correspondence.

Cite this Record

An Archaeological Transect Across the Western Prescott Periphery: Prehistoric Site Distribution Based on Combined Survey Results. Thomas E. Wright, David E. Purcell. Presented at Prescott Archaeology Conference, Prescott, AZ. 1996 ( tDAR id: 402841) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8402841

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Keywords

Culture
Archaic Cerbat Gila Historic Historic Native American Hohokam Hualapai Late Archaic Middle Archaic Pai Prescott

Material
Aquarius Orangeware Black-on-Grayware Brownware Building Materials Burro Creek Obsidian Ceramic Chipped Stone Deadman's Black-on-Grayware Fire Cracked Rock Glass Grayware Ground Stone Masonry Mudstone Obsidian Orangeware Plainware Prescott Grayware Prescott Plainware Prescott Redware Redware Rhyolite Tizon Brownware

Site Name
AZ M:11:12 (ASM) AZ M:11:16 (ASM) AZ M:11:7 (ASM) AZ M:11:8 AZ M:12:17 (ASM) AZ M:12:18 (ASM) AZ M:12:19 (ASM) AZ M:12:21 (ASM) AZ M:12:22 (ASM) AZ M:12:24 (ASM) AZ M:12:26 (ASM) AZ M:12:9 (ASM) AZ M:6:10 (ASM) AZ M:6:11 (ASM) AZ M:6:12 (ASM) AZ M:6:13 (ASM) AZ M:6:14 (ASM) AZ M:6:15 (ASM) AZ M:6:16 (ASM) AZ M:6:17 (ASM) AZ M:6:18 (ASM) AZ M:6:19 (ASM) AZ M:6:20 (ASM) AZ M:6:8 (ASM) AZ M:7:40 SWD Show More

Site Type
Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Ashy Soil Stain Base Camp Bedrock Grinding Feature Bedrock Metate Brush Structure Campsite Cobble Feature Core Reduction Locus Desert Pavement Clearing Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Encampment Fire-Cracked Rock Cluster Fire-Cracked Rock Scatter Flaked Stone Scatter Grinding Slick Ground Stone Scatter Lithic Scatter Lithic Source Area Masonry Room Block Milling Feature Petroglyph Pit Show More

Spatial Coverage

min long: -113.683; min lat: 34.314 ; max long: -113.091; max lat: 34.718 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1996_WrightPurcell_ArchaeologicalTransect.pdf 1.27mb May 10, 1996 Apr 27, 2016 1:27:09 PM Confidential
This file is unredacted, and includes related correspondence.

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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager