Limited Data Recovery for the Proposed Kindred TCC Facility within the Boundaries of La Ciudad (AZ T:12:1[ASM]), Phoenix, Arizona

Author(s): Douglas R. Mitchell; Todd W. Bostwick

Year: 2014


PaleoWest Archaeology was contracted to conduct data recovery in advance of the development of a new medical building on St. Luke’s campus. Limited archaeological data recovery was conducted in the project area because of the presence of prehistoric features and the possibility of human remains existing in the area. The parcel is within the boundaries of a large prehistoric site known as La Ciudad (AZ T:12:1[ASM]).

The data recovery project included the excavation of 100 m of trench and overburden removal of approximately 219 square meters. The goal of this phase of work was to search for human burials and excavate a sample of the features that were identified during the testing phase. Excavation occurred at three features identified during testing as pithouses (Features 12, 13, and 18) and one feature (Feature 11) identified as an horno. Other features were identified in the trenches and profiled; additional features were identified in stripped area and recorded. After further investigation, two of the pithouses (Features 13 and 18) were determined to represent borrow pits and the third pithouse may have also been a borrow pit. Fragments of a human cranium were discovered in the fill of the horno, and small fragments of cremated human bone were recovered from two other features. The ceramic assemblage and a C14 date indicate use of the project area during the early Gila Butte phase of the Hohokam Colonial Period, between about A.D. 775 and 850. No further excavation work is recommended for the project area.

Cite this Record

Limited Data Recovery for the Proposed Kindred TCC Facility within the Boundaries of La Ciudad (AZ T:12:1[ASM]), Phoenix, Arizona. Douglas R. Mitchell, Todd W. Bostwick. 2014 ( tDAR id: 445702) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8445702

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Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 765 to 895 (Hohokam Colonial Period)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.054; min lat: 33.442 ; max long: -112.025; max lat: 33.471 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): City of Phoenix Archaeology Office

Contributor(s): Karen R. Adams; Daniel Dybowski; Theresa Ingalls; Andrew D. Lack; Susan J. Smith

Prepared By(s): PaleoWest Archaeology

Submitted To(s): City of Phoenix Archaeology Office; BDP SLMC Facility 1, LLC Phoenix Arizona

Record Identifiers

PaleoWest Archaeology Technical Report(s): 14-126

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
La-Ciudad-Data-Recovery-Report_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf 20.22mb Mar 18, 2021 2:21:24 PM Public
This file is the redacted version of the resource.
La-Ciudad-Data-Recovery-Report_OCR_PDFA.pdf 22.33mb Dec 1, 2014 May 16, 2018 9:34:42 AM Confidential
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Contact(s): City of Phoenix Archaeology Office

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