Archaeological Testing in the City of Phoenix Sky Harbor Center, Part I and II
Archaeological test excavations have been completed within the City of Phoenix Sky Harbor Center project area between February 13 and March 31, 1989, by SWCA, Inc., Environmental Consultants under contract to the City of Phoenix. The purpose of the archaeological investigations was to locate, identify, and assess cultural remains associated with two sites, AZ T:12:47 and AZ T:12:62 (ASM) for their significance and to make recommendations for further mitigative data recovery efforts.
While the entire project area was not intensively investigated, its large size has provided a nearly unparalleled opportunity for the testing of archaeological remains in the greater urban setting of Phoenix, Arizona. Testing was completed through the use of both systematic and judgemental backhoe trenches. Over 15,000 meters of trenches were dug, first systematically to locate buried cultural deposits, and later, judgementally to define the spatial extent of features and to test areas not scheduled for systematic excavations.
Substantial intact cultural remains were found in both site areas, including canal, field, and habitation features. These sites are associated with the Hohokam culture with the remains at AZ T:12:42, Pueblo Salado, dating primarily to the late Classic period, and remains at AZ T:12:62, the Dutch Canal Ruin, dating primarily to the late Pioneer and Colonial periods. Occupations consisted of field house loci, farmsteads, and hamlets with the earlier occupations being primarily temporary or seasonal and the later occupations consisting of a permanent settlement with an enclosing compound wall.
The numbers, kinds and distributions of features at both sites will provide important information concerning the prehistory of the Phoenix Basin. Geomorphic studies of flood deposits directly associated with these sites may provide important information concerning the use of the first terrace and potential impacts of floods upon the Hohokam.
Cite this Record
Archaeological Testing in the City of Phoenix Sky Harbor Center, Part I and II. David H. Greenwald, David A. Gregory, Kirk C. Anderson, Fred L. Nials, Gary Huckelberry, David R. Wilcox. 1989 ( tDAR id: 446135) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8446135
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
Anvil • Axe • Basalt • Black-on-white • Buffware • Ceramic • Chipped Stone • Core • Gila Plainware • Ground Stone • Hammerstone • Human Remains • Lower Colorado Buffware • Mano • metate • Pestle • Phoenix Redware • Plainware • Polychrome • Projectile Point • Red-on-Brown • Red-pn-Buff • Redware • Salt Redware • Shell • Tabular Knife • Tonto Polychrome • Wingfield Plainware Show More
Agricultural or Herding • Canal or Canal Feature • Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex • Farmstead • Field House • Hamlet / Village • Inhumation • Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features • Settlements
Archaeological Overview • Data Recovery / Excavation • Historic Background Research • Records Search / Inventory Checking • Research Design / Data Recovery Plan • Site Evaluation / Testing
Civano Phase • Classic Period • Colonial Period • Gila Butte Phase • Gila Phase • Pioneer Period • Preclassic Period • Sacaton Phase • Santa Cruz Phase • Sedentary Period • Snaketown Phase • Sweetwater Phase • Tanque Verde Phase
min long: -112.073; min lat: 33.417 ; max long: -112.034; max lat: 33.45 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Contact(s): SWCA Environmental Consultants
Prepared By(s): SWCA Environmental Consultants
Submitted To(s): City of Phoenix Sky Harbor Center
|Name||Size||Creation Date||Date Uploaded||Access|
|89-14_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf||7.12mb||Feb 23, 2021 1:51:45 PM||Public|
|Part 1 of 2. This file is the redacted version of the resource.|
|89-15_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf||11.22mb||Feb 23, 2021 1:51:46 PM||Public|
|Part 2 of 2. This file is the redacted version of the resource.|
|89-14_OCR_PDFA.pdf||5.37mb||May 1, 1989||Jun 5, 2018 9:44:56 AM||Confidential|
|Part 1 of 2. This file is the unredacted version of the resource.|
|89-15_OCR.pdf||9.39mb||May 1, 1989||Jun 5, 2018 11:16:12 AM||Confidential|
|Part 2 of 2. This file is the unredacted version of the resource.|