Archaeological Testing at the Romero Ruin: Part 2

Author(s): Deborah L. Swartz

Year: 1993


Limited archaeological testing was conducted at the Romero Ruin, AZ BB:9:1 (ASM), during the spring of 1993 by archaeologists from the Center for Desert Archaeology. The site is a large prehistoric Hohokam village with an overlying historic component, located in Catalina State Park approximately 10 miles north of Tucson, Arizona. The purpose of the testing program was threefold: 1) to expose archaeological features along the interpretive trail prior to the features' being stabilized, 2) to recover archaeological information that would be destroyed by the stabilization, and 3) to determine the effects of stabilization of the upright-cobble and post-reinforced adobe pitroom, Feature 14, and to identify a location for the interpretive sign. As a result of the excavations, the wall alignments became much more visible since the adjacent wall fall was removed. Stabilization of the masonry wall segments along the trail was done to protect them from being disturbed by visitors. The work was funded in part by an Arizona Heritage Fund Grant administered by the State Historic Preservation Office. Matching funds for this grant were provided by the Coronado National Forest and Catalina State Park, and in-kind contributions came from the Center for Desert Archaeology, Coronado National Forest, and Catalina State Park. The report describes the results of the test excavations and stabilization efforts. It is focused only on the work that was done in this field phase. For a prehistoric overview of the area, see Doelle and Fish 1988.

Cite this Record

Archaeological Testing at the Romero Ruin: Part 2, 8. Deborah L. Swartz. Technical Report ,93. Tucson, AZ: Center for Desert Archaeology. 1993 ( tDAR id: 399318) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8QC05BZ

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Historic Hohokam

Adobe Agave Agaveceae Agave sp. Aizoaceae Amaranth Amaranthaceae Amaranthus sp. Anodonia sp. Antelope Jack Rabbit Argopecten sp. Arizona Cypress Juniper Artiodactyla Ash Aves Basalt Bird Black-Tailed Jack Rabbit Bledo Bone Brown Glass Buffware Building Materials Cactaceae Canegeia gigantea Canid Canidae Carnivora Century Plant Ceramic cf. Cupressus arizonica cf. Juniperus sp. cf. Populus sp. cf. Salix sp. Chalcedony Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium sp. Chert Corn Cottontail Cruciferae Curessaceae Decorated Ware Deer Descuraniania sp. Earthenware Fauna Fraxinus sp. Glass Globe Mallow Glycymeris sp. Gneiss Goose Foot Gramineae Granite Green Glass Ground Stone Haliotis sp. Hawk Horse Purslane Human Remains Igneous Rock Indurated Limestone Jack Rabbit Kinosternon Laevicardium sp. Lagomorpha Lamb's Quarters Leguminosae Leporidae Lepus alleni Lepus californicux Lepus sp. Limestone Macrobotanical Maize Malvaceae Mammal Mammalia Masonry Mescal Metal Metamorphic Rock Mica Mineral Mud Turtle Odocoileus Oleaceae Olivella sp. Pecten sp. Pigweed Plainware Prosopis cf. velutina Quail Quartz Quelites Rabbit Redware Reptile Reptilia Rhyolite Rincon Redware River Cobble Saguaro Salicaceae Schist Sedimentary Rock Shell Sillicified Limestone Sphaeralcea sp. Sylvagus sp. Tansy Mustard Testudinata Tin Tortolita Redware? Trianthema portulacastrum Turquoise Turtle Turtle Shell Velvet Mesquite Vesicular Basalt Willow Zea mays Show More

Site Name
AZ BB:9:1 (ASM) Pueblo Viejio Romero Ruin

Site Type
Adobe Pitroom Adobe Wall Agricultural or Herding Animal Burial? Archaeological Feature Borrow Pit Boulder Mortar Cobble Structure Cobble Wall Compound Wall Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Hawk Burial? Inhumation Masonry Structure Midden Milling Feature Mixing Pit Pit Pit House / Earth Lodge Ranch Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Room Block / Compound / Pueblo Settlements Trash Midden Village Wall Show More

Investigation Types
Reconnaissance / Survey Site Stabilization

Antler Antler (Deer) Awl Biface Bone (Animal) Bone (Human) Bone Awl Bone Ring Bone Tube Bottle Bowl Bracelet Burned Bone Button Can Carapace (Turtle) Cartridge Shell Caudal Vertebra (Artiodactyl) Core Cranium (Human) Cranium (Infant) Cup Debitage Disc Earthenware Bowl Earthenware Cup Earthernware Plate Femur (Artiodactyl) Figurine Flotation / Botanical Analysis Francisco Romero Frontal (Artiodactyl) Glass Bottle Glycymeris Bracelet Hammerstone Hole-In-Top Can Hook Infant Burial Jewelry Knife Long Bone (Artiodactyl) Lumbar Vertebra (Artiodactyl) Mano Metal Hook Metapodial (Artiodactyl) Metate Mica Disc Milk Can Mortar Nail Olivella Shell Bead Pendant Perforator Phalange (Artiodactyl) Plano Scraper Plate Polishing Stone Projectile Point Ring Romero Ranch Scapula (Artiodactyl) Scapula (Deer) Shell Bead Shell Bracelet Shell Button Shell Pendant Square Nail Stone Tool Tabular Knife Tibia (Artiodactyl) Tool Tube Turquoise Pendant Union Metallic Cartridge Company Vertebra (Artiodactyl) Wing Element (Hawk) Wing Element (Quail) Wood Charcoal Analysis Wrist Element (Artiodactyl) Zooarchaeological Analysis Show More

Geographic Keywords
Arizona (State / Territory) Catalina State Park Montrose Canyon Wash Santa Catalina Mountains Sutherland Wash Tucson, AZ Tucson Basin

Temporal Keywords
Cañada del Oro Phase Classic Period Colonial Period Early Colonial Period Historic Middle Rincon Subphase Pioneer Period Prehistoric Tanque Verde Phase

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 550 to 1450 (Approximate dates of site occupation.)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -110.936; min lat: 32.395 ; max long: -110.914; max lat: 32.434 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Arizona State Parks

Contributor(s): Lisa W. Huckell; J. Homer Thiel; Ron Beckwith; Jim Holmlund; Luis Rodriguez; Christine Goetz; James Heidke

Lab Director(s): Lisa Eppley

Sponsor(s): Arizona State Parks; Coronado National Forest; Catalina State Park

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Archaeological-Testing-at-the-Romero-Ruin-Part-2--1.pdf 3.75mb Sep 21, 2015 11:00:00 AM Confidential
This file is unredacted.
Archaeological-Testing-at-the-Romero-Ruin-Part-2--1-_Redacted.pdf 3.87mb Feb 18, 2016 4:50:43 PM Public
Text on page 15 and Figures 1.1-1.4 and 3.1 have been redacted in this file.

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Contact(s): Arizona State Parks

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