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Data Recovery at Four Sites in Dead Horse Ranch State Park, Yavapai County, Arizona

Author(s): Karolyn Jackman Jensen ; Barbara S. MacNider ; Mac McDonnell ; Jerryll Moreno ; John Rapp ; Teresa L. Hoffman

Editor(s): Teresa L. Hoffman

Year: 1996

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Summary

A data recovery program was completed at four archaeological sites (AZ N:4:37 [NA 25,511], N:4:65 [NA 25,512], N:4:66 [NA 25,513], and N:4:68(ASM) [NA 25,514]) by Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) for the Phase 3 Roadway Improvement Project (North Campground Facilities) at Dead Horse Ranch State Park (Park) (Figure 1.1). This program represents the last of a series of mitigation actions conducted for an undertaking sponsored by the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) and Arizona State Parks (ASP), which included improvements to existing facilities and construction of new facilities at the Park. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is the lead agency for this undertaking because a Section 404 permit for the Clean Water Act was required for the construction of a bridge across the Verde River in Phase I construction. The contract to design the proposed undertaking and oversee its construction was awarded to Entranco Engineers, Inc. The limited nature of the project impacts required no subsurface investigations, so data recovery efforts primarily consisted of surface collection and mapping. Because substantial portions of each site are preserved, further investigation will be required should additional undertakings be planned that directly impact the sites.

AZ N:4:37(ASM) is the only site directly impacted and all artifacts within the right-of-way were collected. Because the features were outside the area of direct impacts, no excavation occurred at this or the other three sites. AZ N:4:68(ASM) will be avoided by the proposed development and protected by a fence. The site is located in sensitive Arizona cliffrose habitat, which must be protected, and this area will be monitored by Park staff to ensure it remains undisturbed. With the area east of the campground out-of-bounds, the area to the west where AZ N:4:65 and N:4:66(ASM) are located will be accessible to campers, hikers, and other park visitors. A drainage ditch will be constructed on the west side of the campground near AZ N:4:66(ASM), so the site boundaries were staked, and the excavation of the ditch will be monitored by a professional archaeologist to ensure the site is not impacted when construction takes place. One hundred percent of the surface artifacts at AZ N:4:66(ASM), and 20 percent of the surface artifacts at AZ N:4:65(ASM) were collected to mitigate these indirect impacts.

AZ N:4:37, N:4:65, and N:4:68(ASM) were multi-component sites containing evidence of both Prehistoric and Historic period occupations. AZ N:4:37(ASM), a permanent habitation, appeared to date from the early 1900s to the mid-1930s. The prehistoric component was less well-defined but exhibited some evidence of Hohokam influence. There was no clear evidence to indicate its function or length of occupation. AZ N:4:65(ASM) exhibited a short-term Euroamerican occupation dating around 1900. Flaked glass artifacts, including six flake tools, indicated possible Yavapai occupation or use. The prehistoric component contained no diagnostics, and was characterized solely by chipped stone artifacts. The historic component at AZ N:4:68(ASM) dominated the site and appears to date between 1900 and 1940. The range and diversity of historic artifacts and surface features suggested it functioned as an early Euroamerican homestead. The prehistoric component appeared to represent a short-term Sinagua occupation dating to the Honanki phase (A.D. 1125 to 1300) and may be related to the occupation at nearby Tuzigoot. AZ N:4:66(ASM) was a resource procurement and processing site of unknown age and cultural affiliation. The artifact assemblage included only chipped stone cores and debitage and one piece of flaked glass. Two activities appeared to be represented: exploitation of the cobble exposures at the site for chipped stone tools and resource processing at the possible roasting pit cluster. A bifacially flaked and utilized piece of amethyst-colored glass suggested a relationship to the possible Yavapai occupation at nearby AZ N:4:65(ASM).


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Cite this Record

Data Recovery at Four Sites in Dead Horse Ranch State Park, Yavapai County, Arizona. Karolyn Jackman Jensen, Barbara S. MacNider, Mac McDonnell, Jerryll Moreno, John Rapp, Teresa L. Hoffman, Teresa L. Hoffman. Cultural Resources Report ,95. Tempe, AZ: Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. 1996 ( tDAR id: 399339) ; doi:10.6067/XCV80R9R77


Keywords

Culture
Euroamerican Historic Historic Native American Hohokam Sinagua Yavapai

Material
Agate Amethyst Glass Aqua Glass Basalt Blue Enamel Brass Brown Glass Ceramic Chalcedony Chert Chipped Stone Clear Glass Cobalt Glass Decalware Enamel Fire Cracked Rock Flow Blue Gila Plainware Gilt Whiteware Glass Glycymeris sp. Gray Limestone Green Glass Ground Stone Hotelware Iron Jasper Limestone Metal Milk Glass Mother-of-Pearl Obsidian Porcelain Quartz Quartzite Sandstone Shell Siltstone Tin Transfer-Print Ceramic Trim Verde Brownware White Hotelware White Limestone White Porcelain Whiteware Wood

Site Name
AZ N:4:37(ASM) AZ N:4:65(ASM) AZ N:4:66(ASM) AZ N:4:68(ASM) NA 25,511 NA 25,512 NA 25,513 NA 25,514

Site Type
Agricultural or Herding Ancient Structure Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Ash Stain Bedrock Grinding Feature Bedrock Mortar Cairn Campsite? Cemetery? Check Dam Chipping Station Cleared Area Depression Field House Glass Flaking Station Grave? Limestone Rock Cluster Limestone Rock Concentration Milling Feature Oval Depression Pit Quarry Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Roasting Pit Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Alignment Rock Cairn Rock Cluster Rock Pile Rock Ring Sherd Scatter Structure Survey Marker Trash Scatter Water Control Feature Woodchipping Site

Investigation Types
Data Recovery / Excavation

General
.22 Cartridge AB AB Co. Adolphus Busch Company Agate Core American Bottle Company Anvil Axle Ball Mason Jar Barbed Wire Barrel Hoop Basalt Core Basalt Drill Basalt Mano Basalt Projectile Point Basalt Tabular Tool Bed Frame Bed Spring Beer Bottle Biface Bolt Bottle Bottle Cap Bowl Bracelet Brass Button Brass Rivet Brass Spoon Buckle Buggy Wheel Button C.F. Co. Cable Can Can Lid Canning Jar Cartridge Ceramic Button Ceramic Cup Ceramic Saucer Chalcedony Core Chamberlain's Cholera-Colic Charcoal Chert Biface Cobble Mano? Core Cup Debitage Drill Enamel Cup Enamel Pie Dish Flake Tool Glass Jar Glass Vase Glycymeris Bracelet Hole-In-Top Can Iron Bed Frame Iron Bolt Iron Buckle Iron Pipe Iron Screw Iron Spike Iron Staple Jar Jasper Core Jelly Jar Jerome Dairy Jewelry Lamp Base Lamp Chimney Lead Trim Levi-Strauss Button Liquor Bottle Lithic Analysis Mano Meat Tin Medicine Bottle Milk Bottle Mother-of-Pearl Button Mug Nail Nut Nyal's Improved Cold Cream Obsidian Projectile Point Oil Can One-Hand Mano Paint Can Pie Dish Pipe Plate Porcelain Cup Projectile Point Ring Rivet Sandstone Anvil Sanitary Can Sardine Can Saucer Screw Serving Spoon Shell Bracelet Shell Button Siltstone Core Spike Spoon Sprats France Spring Staple Tabular Tool Tobacco Tin Tureen Lid Vase Wagon Wheel WFeS MIL Wheel Whitall-Tatum Whiteware Bowl William Franzen and Son Milwaukee Window Glass Wire Cable Wire Nail

Geographic Keywords
Arizona (State / Territory) Coconino National Forest Cottonwood, AZ Dead Horse Ranch State Park Middle Verde Valley Sonoran Desert Verde River Yavapai (County)

Temporal Keywords
1900s 1910s 1930s 20th Century Camp Verde Phase Early Camp Verde Phase Historic Honanki Phase Late Camp Verde Phase Prehistoric


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1905 to 1916 (Years in which the bottle base embossed AB Co. may have been made.)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.031; min lat: 34.735 ; max long: -111.999; max lat: 34.773 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Paula Pflepsen

Permitting Agency(s): Arizona State Museum

Repository(s): Museum of Northern Arizona

Prepared By(s): Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd.

Submitted To(s): Arizona Department of Transportation ; Entranco Engineers, Inc


Record Identifiers

ADOT Project No.(s): N-500-518

ACS Project No.(s): 95-20

Arizona State Museum Permit No.(s): 1995-95PS

TRACS No.(s): 089 YV ASP

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Data-Recovery-at-four-sites-in-Dead-Horse-Ranch-State-Park.pdf 7.62mb Apr 1, 1996 Sep 23, 2015 11:08:58 AM Confidential
This file is unredacted.
Data-Recovery-at-four-sites-in-Dead-Horse-Ranch-State-Park_Red... 7.83mb Apr 1, 1996 Feb 23, 2016 11:51:52 AM Public
Figures and text on pages iii, 2-3, 14, 18, 21, and 24 have been redacted in this file.

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Paula Pflepsen

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America