Archaeological Test Excavations at La Ciudad de los Hornos: The Casa Fiesta Location

Author(s): Laurene G. Montero

Year: 1990


Archaeological test excavations have been conducted at a portion of La Ciudad de los Hornos (AZ U:9:71 (ASM)), a prehistoric multicomponent Hohokam village. The field work for this project, sponsored by AMCOR Investment Company, was undertaken during the fall of 1989 by Northland Research, Inc. pursuant to the proposed redevelopment of the Casa Fiesta trailer park. The Casa Fiesta project area consists of a 55-acre (22-ha), triangular lot. Archaeological testing consisted of cutting a series of backhoe trenches, resulting in the excavation of 9,442 ft. (2,878 m, 221 trenches) of trench or a roughly one percent sample of the project area. Thirty-seven prehistoric cultural features were identified. The remains represent a Hohokam occupation dating primarily to the Sedentary and Classic periods. Although the Casa Fiesta project area has been subject to a great deal of disturbance by agricultural and construction activities, the cultural features identified do not appear to have been impacted substantially by these activitites, but instead are fairly intact. With the possible exception of hornos and a few surfaces, most features appear not to have been truncated by agricultural activities. Testing results suggest that there is a great potential for these features and as yet unidentified features to yield data significant to the interpretation of Hohokam habitation and subsistence practices during the late Sedentary and Classic periods.

This report includes contributions by Jennifer W. Gish, T. Kathleen Henderson, and Johna Hutira.

Cite this Record

Archaeological Test Excavations at La Ciudad de los Hornos: The Casa Fiesta Location. Laurene G. Montero. Flagstaff, AZ: Northland Research, Inc. 1990 ( tDAR id: 405669) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8405669

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections



Acalypha sp. Acanthaceae Acanthus Agave Amaranth Boerhaavia sp. Buffware Building Materials Calandrinia sp. Caliche Cattail Ceramic Cereus sp. Cheno-Am Chipped Stone Cholla Corn Cotton Creosotebush Cruciferae Cucurbita sp. Cylindropuntia sp. Dating Sample Decorated Ware Diorite Ephedra nevadensis Ephedra torreyana Euphorbia sp. Evening Primrose Feldspar Gila Polychrome Ware Glass Globemallow Goosefoot Gramineae Grass Greenstone Ground Stone High-Spine Compositae Human Remains Joint Fir Juniper Juniperus sp. Kallstroemia sp. Kochia Laevicardium sp. Larrea sp. Liguliflorae Low-Spine Compositae Macrobotanical Maize Mesquite Micaceous Schist Mustard Oak Obsidian Oenthera sp. Phyllite Pine Pinus edulis Pinus ponderosa Pinus sp. Pinyon Pine Plaintain Plainware Plantago sp. Pollen Polychrome Ware Ponderosa Pine Prosopis sp. Pyrene sp. Quartzite Quercus sp. Red Maid Red-on-Buffware Redware Rock Purslane Sacaton Red-on-Buffware Saguaro Salt Redware Sandstone Santa Cruz Red-on-Buffware Schist Shell Sphaeralcea sp. Spiderling Spurge Squash Tansy Mustard Tidestromia sp. Tonto Polychrome Ware Typha domingensis White Feldspar Zea sp. Show More

Site Name
AZ U:9:71(ASM) La Ciudad de Los Hornos

Site Type
Agricultural or Herding Ancient Structure Archaeological Feature Ash Lens Borrow Pit Burial Canal Canal or Canal Feature Cremation Distribution Canal Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Hearth Horno Lateral Canal Midden Non-Domestic Structures Pit Pit House Pit House / Earth Lodge Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Settlements Structure Surface Trash Pit Village Wall Footing Show More

Investigation Types
Site Evaluation / Testing

Ash Bone (Human) Bowl Casa Fiesta Ceramic Jar Charcoal Cobble Hammerstone Cupule (Corn) Diorite Hammerstone Flake Flotation Sample Greenstone Flake Hammerstone Jar Knife Obsidian Flake Obsidian Projectile Point Plainware Bowl Pod (Mesquite) Pollen (Acalypha sp.) Pollen (Acanthaceae) Pollen (Acanthus) Pollen (Amaranth) Pollen (Boerhaavia sp.) Pollen (Calandrinia sp.) Pollen (Cattail) Pollen (Cereus sp.) Pollen (Cheno-Am) Pollen (Cholla) Pollen (Creosotebush) Pollen (Cruciferae) Pollen (Cucurbita sp.) Pollen (Cylindropuntia sp.) Pollen (Ephedra nevadensis) Pollen (Ephedra torreyana) Pollen (Euphorbia sp.) Pollen (Evening Primrose) Pollen (Globemallow) Pollen (Goosefoot) Pollen (Gramineae) Pollen (Grass) Pollen (High-Spine Compositae) Pollen (Joint Fir) Pollen (Juniper) Pollen (Juniperus sp.) Pollen (Kallestroemia sp.) Pollen (Larrea sp.) Pollen (Liguliflorae) Pollen (Low-Spine Compositae) Pollen (Maize) Pollen (Mesquite) Pollen (Mustard) Pollen (Oak) Pollen (Oenthera sp.) Pollen (Pine) Pollen (Pinus edulis) Pollen (Pinus pondersosa) Pollen (Pinus sp.) Pollen (Pinyon Pine) Pollen (Plantago sp.) Pollen (Plantain) Pollen (Ponderosa Pine) Pollen (Prosopis sp.) Pollen (Quercus sp.) Pollen (Red Maids) Pollen (Rock Purslane) Pollen (Saguaro) Pollen (Sphaeralcea sp.) Pollen (Spiderling) Pollen (Spurge) Pollen (Squash) Pollen (Tidestroemia sp.) Pollen (Typha domingensis) Pollen (Zea) Pollen Sample Projectile Point Pyrene Ring Quartzite Flake Quartzite Knife Radiocarbon Sample Ring Sandstone Hammerstone Seed (Agave) Seed (Cheno-Am) Seed (Cotton) Seed (Grass) Seed (Kochia) Seed (Mesquite) Seed (Saguaro) Seed (Tansy Mustard) Shell (Laevicardium sp.) Shell Ring Snail Show More

Geographic Keywords
Arizona (State / Territory) Basin and Range Physiographic Province Lower Colorado River Valley Phoenix Basin Salt River Salt River Valley Sonoran Desert Tempe, AZ Western Canal

Temporal Keywords
Civano Phase Classic Period Colonial Period Early Classic Period Late Classic Period Late Sedentary Period Prehistoric Sedentary Period

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 897 to 1205 (Dendrochronological calibration of radiometric determination within two sigmas for Feature 3.)

Calendar Date: 1146 to 1380 (Dendrochronological calibration of radiometric determination within two sigmas for Feature 31.)

Calendar Date: 1280 to 1420 (Dendrochronological calibration of radiometric determination within two sigmas for Feature 7.)

Calendar Date: 450 to 1450 (Years of occupation of La Ciudad de los Hornos.)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.97; min lat: 33.369 ; max long: -111.937; max lat: 33.4 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): Jannifer W. Gish; T. Kathleen Henderson; Johna Hutira; Walter Durbin; Kevin Frison; William Kodora; Judith Lancaster; Christopher O'Halloran; Michael Ohnersorgen; Samantha Ruscavage; Tobi Taylor

Field Director(s): Lanita Van Nimwegen

Sponsor(s): AMCOR Investment Company

Submitted To(s): AMCOR Investments

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1990_MonteroGishHenderson_ArchaeologicalTest.pdf 7.09mb Mar 1, 1990 Mar 21, 2017 9:29:09 AM Confidential
This file is unredacted.

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager