A Cultural Resources Survey of 17.5 Miles of State Route 88, the Apache Trail, Between Apache Junction and Tortilla Flat, Pinal and Maricopa Counties, Arizona

Author(s): Andrew I. Duff

Year: 1995


Between April 15 and June 14, 1993, Archaeological Research Services, Inc. performed a cultural resources survey of State Route 88 (the Apache Trail). The right-of-way varies from 66 to 200 feet, but construction as-builts were not available. Therefore, the Arizona Department of Transportation requested that a 200 foot wide right-of-way be surveyed for the entire project length unless clearly marked property boundaries or other right-of-way indications were present. The 17.5 mile long survey corridor crosses lands owned by the Arizona Department of Transportation, and sections of Arizona Department of Transportation right-of-way across Bureau of Land Management lands. That segment of State Route 88 on Tonto National Forest lands was constructed through the provisions of a Special Use Permit issued to the Arizona Department of Transportation by Tonto National Forest.

The survey was conducted under the conditions and authority of a Tonto National Forest special use permit issued to Archaeological Research Services, Inc. on 2/17/93, Arizona State Museum general permit number 93-11, and Bureau of Land Management permit number AZ-000054 issued 10/13/90 (fieldwork authorization number PDO-93-5, 3/23/93).

The project area encompasses approximately 424.24 acres, of which approximately, 371.21 were actually surveyed when the existing paved surface of State Route 88 is excluded. The Arizona Department of Transportation requested the survey (Arizona Department of Transportation Project No. STP-952-4(1), Tracs PN 195 H3275 01C) in anticipation of a proposed pavement preservation project. Archaeological Research Services performed a Class III (Intensive Field Inventory) survey in order to locate and record any cultural resources that could be disturbed as a result of the proposed undertaking. This study provides descriptions and National Register eligibility evaluations for cultural resources encountered during the survey.

As a result of the survey, 22 archaeological sites (4 previously recorded, 18 newly recorded) and 49 isolated artifact occurrences or cultural features were recorded (or rerecorded or relocated).

This is the second revision of this document, with earlier versions completed 29 June 1993 and 15 November 1994.

Cite this Record

A Cultural Resources Survey of 17.5 Miles of State Route 88, the Apache Trail, Between Apache Junction and Tortilla Flat, Pinal and Maricopa Counties, Arizona, 31. Andrew I. Duff. Archaeological Research Services, Inc. Project Report ,93. Tempe, AZ: Archaeological Research Services, Inc. 1995 ( tDAR id: 405682) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8405682

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Historic Historic Native American Papago Pima

Aluminum Amber Glass Aqua Glass Basalt Brick Brown Rhyolite Buffware Building Materials Cement Base Ceramic Chalcedony Chert Chipped Stone Clear Glass Cobalt Glass Concrete Fine-Grained Quartzite Fine-Grained Rhyolite Fire Cracked Rock Gila Plainware Gila Plainware, Salt Variety Glass Gold Paint Gray Chert Gray Rhyolite Green Rhyolite Ground Stone Ironstone Lavendar Rhyolite Masonry Metabasalt Metal Metal Pole Metamorphosed Shale Mica Mineral Mudstone Paint Plainware Pole Purple Chert Purple Glass Purple Mudstone Purple Rhyolite Quartzite Red Mudstone Red-on-Buffware Red Rhyolite Red Tuff Redware Rhyolite Rubber Salt Redware Sand SCA Glass Shell Steel Tin Tuff volcanic material White Chert White Ironstone White Quartzite Wood Show More

Site Name
ADOT Bridge 0026 ADOT Bridge 0193 Apache Trail AR-03-12-03-182 AR-03-12-03-190 AR-03-12-03-446 AR-03-12-03-510 AR-03-12-03-538 AR-03-12-03-539 AR-03-12-03-540 AR-03-12-03-541 AR-03-12-03-542 AR-03-12-03-543 AR-03-12-03-544 AR-03-12-03-545 AR-03-12-03-546 AR-03-12-03-547 AR-03-12-03-548 AR-03-12-03-549 AR-03-12-03-550 AR-03-12-03-551 AR-03-12-03-553 AR-03-12-03-556 AR-03-12-06-218 AZ U:10:72 (ASM) AZ U:11:60 (ASM) AZ U:11:61 (ASM) AZ U:11:62 (ASM) AZ U:7:10 (ASM) AZ U:7:11 (ASM) AZ U:7:12 (ASM) AZ U:7:13 (ASM) AZ U:7:14 (ASM) AZ U:7:15 (ASM) AZ U:7:16 (ASM) AZ U:7:17 (ASM) AZ U:7:18 (ASM) AZ U:7:19 (ASM) AZ U:7:20 (ASM) AZ U:7:21 (ASM) AZ U:7:22 (ASM) AZ U:7:23 (ASM) AZ U:7:24 (ASM) AZ U:7:25 (ASM) AZ U:7:6 (ASM) AZ U:7:7 (ASM) AZ U:7:8 (ASM) AZ U:7:9 (ASM) Boulder Creek Bridge Mormon Flat Bridge SHPO 2856 SHPO 2860 Show More

Site Type
Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Bedrock Grinding Feature Brick Wingwall Bridge Bridge Abutment Camp Check Dam Chipping Station Claim Corner Marker Concrete Abutment Concrete Culvert Concrete Pad Concrete Post Concrete Slab Concrete Wingwall Construction Camp Culvert Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Encampment Ground Stone Scatter Historic Structure Isolated Artifact Isolated Feature Lithic Reduction Area Lithic Scatter Lithic Testing Area Masonry Culvert Masonry Structure Metal Post Milling Feature Mining Claim Mining Prospect Pad Phone Line Base Post Post Hole / Post Mold Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Road Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features Rock Alignment Rockpile Rock Shelter Settlements Slab Steel Bridge Stone Structure Structure Transmission Line Base U-Shaped Structure Water Control Feature Water Tank Wingwall Show More

Investigation Types
Site Evaluation / Testing

.22 Cartridge .38 Cartridge 32 ACP Aluminum Lid Bailing Wire Baking Powder Lid Basalt Flake Beverage Can Bolt Bottle Lid Button Calumet Can Cartridge Chert Core Chert Flake Coffee Can Core Crimped Seam Can Crockery Cross Crown Cap Drill Evaporated Milk Can Flake Food Can Hills Brothers Hole-in-Cap Can Horse Shoe Lard Can Mano Matchstick Top Can Meat Can Meat Tin Medicine Bottle Memorial Cross Metabasalt Flake Metal Cross Milk Bottle Milk Can Mudstone Core Mudstone Flake Mule Shoe Nail Oil Can One Hand Mano Owens Illinois Paint Can Papago Vessel Pima Vessel Quartzite Flake Quartzite Mano REM-UMC Rhyolite Core Rhyolite Flake Rubber Shoe Sole Sanitary Seam Can Sardine Can Screw Shell Button Shoe Sole Single Hand Mano Solder Seam Can Tin Tin Can Tobacco Tin U.S.C. Co. Uniface Vessel Wes Friesel Wire Wire Nail Wooden Cross Show More

Geographic Keywords
Apache Junction, AZ Arizona (State / Territory) Basin and Range Physiographic Province Canyon Lake Central Arizona Goldfield, AZ Goldfield Caldera Maricopa (County) Mormon Flat Dam Mountain Region Pinal (County) Roosevelt Dam Roosevelt Power Canal Salt River Superstition Mountains Tonto National Forest Tortilla Flat, AZ

Temporal Keywords
1900s 1910s 1920s 20th Century Historic Prehistoric

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.558; min lat: 33.407 ; max long: -111.333; max lat: 33.54 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): Lyle M. Stone; Robert Haynes-Peterson; Scott Kwiatkowski; Gregory Woodall; Tom Wright

Landowner(s): Arizona Department of Transportation; Bureau of Land Management; U. S. Forest Service

Permitting Agency(s): Tonto National Forest; Arizona State Museum; Bureau of Land Management

Prepared By(s): Archaeological Research Services, Inc.

Submitted To(s): Arizona Department of Transportation

Record Identifiers

Bureau of Land Management Permit No.(s): AZ-000054

Arizona Department of Transportation Project No. (s): STP-952-4(1), TRACS 88 PN 195 H3275 01C

Project No.(s): N-900-965

Arizona State Museum General Permit No.(s): 93-11

Fieldwork Authorization No.(s): PDO-93-5

Contract No.(s): 90-22

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1993_Duff_CulturalResourcesApache.pdf 4.74mb Jan 31, 1995 Jul 4, 2016 9:12:40 PM Confidential
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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager