Life on the Lehi Terrace: The Archeology of the Red Mountain Freeway Between State Route 87 and Gilbert Road, Appendix C

Summary

The Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) is in the process of extending the Red Mountain Freeway (Loop 202) through Mesa, Arizona from State Route (SR) 87 to US Highway 60 (US 60, Superstition Freeway). The undertaking entails the construction of 17.8 mi (28.6 km) of new limited access six-lane freeway parallel to and south of the Salt River.

Under contract to Entranco Engineering, Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd.(ACS) performed initial survey of the proposed alternatives (Macnider et al. 1999). Based on the results of the survey and archival research, under contract to Aztec Engineering (Aztec), ACS conducted intensive archaeological testing, significance evaluations, and data recovery within the portion of freeway right-of-way between SR 87 (Country Club Drive) and Gilbert Road. The proposed route runs through an area of dense historic and prehistoric cultural resources west of Higley Road, and crosses the northern edge of the Lehi Historic District between Mesa Drive and Stapley Road (Gasser 1987a; Jackman and Macnider 2000; Macnider et al. 1999).

This report is the culmination of a multi-year effort to identify, evaluate, record, and interpret historic and prehistoric cultural remains within a 6.6-km (4.1-mi) section of the Red Mountain Freeway right-of-way. It presents the results of eligibility testing and data recovery at eight sites. The report also summarizes the results of the canal locating program, geoarchaeological investigations, and limited testing within the Lehi Historic District.

The dataset includes lithic artifact analysis covered in Appendix C.

Cite this Record

Life on the Lehi Terrace: The Archeology of the Red Mountain Freeway Between State Route 87 and Gilbert Road, Appendix C. John M. Rapp. Tempe, AZ: Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. ( tDAR id: 428078) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8428078

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Restricted Access Some or all of this resource's attached file(s) are not publicly accessible.

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: C.1 Lithic Debitage

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology Search
Site Number VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
FS Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Catalog Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Feature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Subfeature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Material Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Material Class Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Lithic Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Cortex Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Weight DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Count BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Spec. Flake Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true

Table Information: C.2 Cores

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology Search
Site Number VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
FS Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Catalog Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Feature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Subfeature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Material Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Material Class Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Cortex Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Minimum Number of Flakes BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Weight DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Sub Class Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Core Platform Prep Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Tool Use Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
CRI DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true

Table Information: C.3 Tab Tool Edges

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology Search
Site Number VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
FS Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Catalog Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Feature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Subfeature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Edge Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
ID BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Edge Angle BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Edge Treatment BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Edge Shape Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Edge Length VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true

Table Information: C.4 Tab Tools

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology Search
Site Number VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
FS Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Catalog Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Material Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Material Class Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Length DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Width DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Thickness DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Shape Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Condition Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Tech Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Number of Edges BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true

Table Information: C.5 Util_Retouch Tools

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology Search
Condition Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Length DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Width DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Thickness DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Weight DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Edge Angle BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Tool Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Edge Shape Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Modifications Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Base Shape BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Base Depth DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Base Width DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Notch Height BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Neck Width DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Tool Style Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Use Wear Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Retouch Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Lithic Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Material Class Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Material Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Subfeature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Feature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Catalog Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
FS Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Site Number VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true

Table Information: C.6 Handstones

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology Search
Site/Parcel Number VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
FS Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Catalog Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Feature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Subfeature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Artifact Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Material Type BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Texture Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Artifact Condition BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Mfg Technology BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Wear Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Wear Condition BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Length DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Width DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Thickness DOUBLE  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Shape Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Worked Surfaces Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Surface Configuration BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true

Table Information: C.7 Nether Stones

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology Search
Wear Cond Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Length BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Width BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Thickness BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Rim Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Rim Thickness BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Site Number VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Bag BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Catalog Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Feature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Subfeature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Artifact Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Mat Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Texture Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Artifact Condition Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Mfg Tech Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Wear Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Rim Height BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Surface Length BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Surface Width BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Surface Config Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Stroke Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true

Table Information: C.8 Axes_Mauls

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology Search
Site Number VARCHAR  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Bag Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Catalog Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Feature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Subfeature Number BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Artifact Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Mat Type Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Artifact Condition Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Length BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Width BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Thickness BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Bit Length BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Groove Width BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Weight BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true
Comments Code BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none true

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.845; min lat: 33.449 ; max long: -111.776; max lat: 33.472 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): Lourdes Aguila; Richard L. Boston; Steven Bozarth; Caven P. Clark; Michael S. Droz; Kristin L. Fangmeier; Deborah L. Ferguson; Amy Gibbons; Andrea Miller; Manuel R. Palacios-Fest; Bruce G. Phillips; Shirley Powell; John M. Rapp; Kimberly Redman; E. Melanie Ryan; David M. Schaller; Saxon E. Sharpe; Francis E. Smiley; Lee-Anna Walker; Maralee Wernz

Lab Director(s): Karolyn J. Jackman

Principal Investigator(s): Margaret Glass

Project Director(s): Stephen W. Yost

Sponsor(s): AZTEC Engineering

Prepared By(s): Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd.

Submitted To(s): Arizona Department of Transportation, Environmental Planning Group

Record Identifiers

ADOT Project No.(s): RAM 600-8-326

ACS Project No.(s): 00-051-06

Cultural Resources Report No.(s): 135

TRACS No.(s): 202L-MA20-H3872-01D

SRP Library Barcode No.(s): 00090888

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Appendix_C_Lithic_Artifacts.xls 322.00kb Jun 18, 2004 Apr 11, 2017 3:42:41 PM Confidential
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  • Translated version Appendix_C_Lithic_Artifacts_translated.xlsx (87.05kb)
    Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:
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    Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager