The Eastern Mining Area Transmission Line Survey: Archaeological Resources in the Salt-Gila Uplands of Central Arizona


SWCA, Inc., Environmental Consultants (SWCA), of Tucson, Arizona, conducted the Eastern Mining Area (EMA) survey project under contract to Salt River Project (SRP) between October, 1993, and February, 1994. One central purpose of the project was to create an inventory of archaeological resources to assist in the planning of future improvements and other modifications to existing SRP transmission lines. The project included 107 person-field days of Class III archaeological survey along approximately 257 linear miles of existing 115 kV transmission lines and 92 linear miles of existing and proposed access roads in Pinal and Gila counties, Arizona. The survey crossed lands owned and/or administered by the Mesa, Globe, and Tonto Basin ranger districts of the Tonto National Forest; the Bureau of Land Management; the Arizona State Land Department; the Bureau of Reclamation; the National Park Service; the Department of Defense; and the Gila River Indian Community.

The field survey was conducted between November 1 and December 10, 1993, and resulted in the recording of 79 new archaeological sites and the reevaluationof 31 previously recorded sites. The 110 sites within the transmission line rights-of-way include Archaic lithic scatters and possible Archaic roasting pits; Hohokam and Salado field houses, farmsteads, hamlets, villages, compound pueblos, rockshelters, agricultural sites, canals, ambiguous sherd and lithic scatters, and resource procurement and processing sites; Yavapai and Apache wickiup encampments; and historic Euroamerican townsites, habitations, dumps, trash scatters, rockshelter encampments.

A second purpose of the project was to assess the cultural context the sites by conducting an exhaustive review of the existing records on archaeological sites and survey projects within a two mile-wide corridor centered on the targeted transmission lines. This archival component resulted in the documentation of over 100 previous survey projects and over 850 archaeological sites distributed along this corridor.

This report is a final review draft.

Cite this Record

The Eastern Mining Area Transmission Line Survey: Archaeological Resources in the Salt-Gila Uplands of Central Arizona, 43. Thomas N. Motsinger, Heidi Roberts, Richard V. N. Ahlstrom. 1994 ( tDAR id: 425566) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8425566

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Archaic Classic Hohokam Historic Hohokam Hohokam PaleoIndian Protohistoric Hohokam

Building Materials Ceramic Fauna Glass Ground Stone Metal Mineral Shell Wood

Site Name
AZ U:11:65 (ASM) AZ U:11:66 (ASM) AZ U:11:67 (ASM) AZ U:11:68 (ASM) AZ U:12:74 (ASM) AZ U: 12:74 (ASM) AZ U:12:75 (ASM AZ U:12:76 (ASM) AZ U:12:77 (ASM) AZ U:12:78 (ASM) AZ U:12:79 (ASM) AZ U:12:80 (ASM) AZ U:12:81(ASM) AZ U:12:82 (ASM) AZ U:12:83 (ASM) AZ U:12:84 (ASM) AZ U:12:85 (ASM) AZ U: 14:112 (ASM) AZ U: 14:113 (ASM) AZ U:15:237 (ASM) AZ U:15:238 (ASM) AZ U:15:239 (ASM) AZ U:15:241 (ASM) AZ U:15:242 (ASM) AZ U:15:243 (ASM) AZ U:15:244(ASM) AZ U:15:245 (ASM) AZ U:15:246 (ASM) AZ U:16:248 (ASM) AZ U:16:249 (ASM) AZ U:16:251 (ASM) AZ U:16:252 (ASM) AZ U:7:26 (ASM) AZ U:7:27 (ASM) AZ U:7:28 (ASM) AZ U:7:29 (ASM) AZ U:7:30 (ASM) AZ U:7:31 (ASM) AZ U:7:32 (ASM) AZ U:7:33 (ASM) AZ U:7:34 (ASM) AZ U:7:36 (ASM) AZ U:7:40 (ASM) AZ U:8:593 (ASM) AZ U:8:594 (ASM) AZ U:8:595 (ASM) AZ V:13:144 (ASM) AZ V:13:145 (ASM) AZ V:13:146 (ASM) AZ V:13:147 (ASM) AZ V:13:148 (ASM) AZ V:13:149 (ASM) AZ V:13:150 (ASM) AZ V: 13:151 (ASM) AZ V:13:152 (ASM) AZ V: 13:153 (ASM) AZ V: 13:154 (ASM) AZ V:13:155 (ASM) AZ V:13:156 (ASM) AZ V:13:157 (ASM) AZ V:13:158 (ASM) AZ V:13:159 (ASM) AZ V:13:160 (ASM) AZ V:13:161 (ASM) AZ V:13:162 (ASM) AZ V:5:181 (ASM) AZ V:5:182 (ASM) AZ V:9:316 (ASM) AZ V:9:317 (ASM) AZ V:9:318 (ASM) AZ V:9:319 (ASM) AZ V:9:320 (ASM) AZ V:9:321 (ASM) AZ V:9:322 (ASM) AZ V:9:323 (ASM) AZ V:9:324 (ASM) AZ V:9:325 (ASM) Show More

Site Type
Agricultural Field or Field Feature Agricultural or Herding Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Ball Court Bridge Cairn Canal or Canal Feature Cave Cemetery Church / Religious Structure Communal / Public Structure Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Encampment Fence Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Historic Church / Religious Structure Historic Communal / Public Structure House House Mound Isolated Feature Midden Mound / Earthwork Non-Domestic Structures Pit Pit House / Earth Lodge Platform Mound Railroad Refuse Pit Reservoir Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Road Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Alignment Rock Art Rock Shelter Room Block / Compound / Pueblo Settlements Shade Structure / Ramada Sheet Midden Terrace Town / City Trail Water Control Feature Wattle & Daub (Jacal) Structure Show More

Investigation Types
Archaeological Overview Reconnaissance / Survey

Geographic Keywords
Arizona (State / Territory) Basin Zone Dripping Springs Mountains Gila (County) Gila and Salt River Lower Colorado River Maricopa (County) Pinal (County) Pinal Creek Pinal Mountains Range Zone Salt-Gila Basin Sonoran Desertscrub Superstition Mountains Tonto Basin Tortilla Mountains Transition Zone

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.698; min lat: 32.916 ; max long: -109.852; max lat: 34.343 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): Vern Hensler

Repository(s): Salt River Project, Tempe, AZ

Prepared By(s): SWCA, Inc. Envronmental Consultants

Submitted To(s): Salt River Project

Record Identifiers

BLM Permit No.(s): AZ-000001

TNF Permit No.(s): 4306-02

GRIC Archaeological License No.(s): AL-02-94

SWCA Archaeological Report No.(s): 94-43

SRP Library Call No.(s): E99.S258M68 1994

SRP Library Barcode No.(s): 00090833

Arizona State Museum (ASM) Permit No.(s): 93-16

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1994_SWCA_TheEastern_OCR.pdf 93.70mb May 15, 1994 Feb 17, 2017 10:00:05 AM Confidential
This file is unredacted.

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At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager