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Salt-Gila Aqueduct (Fannin-McFarland Aqueduct) Archaeological Data Collection Studies and Supplemental Class III Survey Project

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Summary

This project presents a series of publications associated with the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Archaeological Data Collection Studies and Supplemental Class III Survey Project (SGA). The research focused on data recovery at those sites potentially subject to impact as a consequence of Central Arizona Project construction. Salt-Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project construction occured along a route extending 97 km from a point south of Apache Junction, Arizona, to the Picacho Reservoir.

Significant archaeological sites identified as potentially subject to direct impacts were principally Hohokam; however, four of the sites had possible Archaic components (Stein 1979a). The SGA data collection sample included substantial habitation sites, smaller habitation sites that may have been fieldhouse locations, and a variety of specialized activity sites (including agricultural systems). The sites are located in a variety of environmental contexts, including the Gila River Valley, major intermittent drainages, and interdrainage areas.

Due to the environmental, functional, and chronological diversity of these archaeological sites in the project area, the SGA research design focused on three themes. Foremost, research addressed the effects of local environmental conditions upon the occupants of environmentally distinct areas. Secondly, it considered the economic and social relationships among groups occupying these areas. Finally, it examined diachronic changes in the relationships among groups in these areas. In addressing these research themes, the project sought to make significant contributions to our understanding of the Hohokam system's regional development.


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Cite this Record

Salt-Gila Aqueduct (Fannin-McFarland Aqueduct) Archaeological Data Collection Studies and Supplemental Class III Survey Project. ( tDAR id: 374965) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8474C8H


Keywords

Culture
Archaic Historic Hohokam

Material
Building Materials Ceramic Chipped Stone Dating Sample Fauna Fire Cracked Rock Glass Ground Stone Human Remains Macrobotanical Metal Mineral Pollen Shell

Site Name
AZ AA:2:61 AZ AA:3:20(ASM) AZ AA:3:21(ASM) AZ AA:3:22(ASM) AZ AA:3:26(ASM) AZ U:10:10(MNA) AZ U:10:11(ASM) AZ U:10:11(MNA) AZ U:10:12(ASM) AZ U:10:13(ASM) AZ U:10:13(MNA) AZ U:10:14(ASM) AZ U:10:14(MNA) AZ U:10:15(ASM) AZ U:10:15(MNA) AZ U:10:16(ASM) AZ U:10:20(ASM) AZ U:10:30(ASM) AZ U:10:5(ASM) AZ U:10:6(ASM) AZ U:10:69(ASM) AZ U:10:8(ASM) AZ U:13:22 AZ U:13:9 AZ U:14:73(ASM) AZ U:15:10(ASU) AZ U:15:100(ASM) AZ U:15:101 AZ U:15:102(ASM) AZ U:15:103(ASM) AZ U:15:109(ASM) AZ U:15:15 AZ U:15:19(ASM) AZ U:15:21 AZ U:15:22 AZ U:15:23 AZ U:15:27(MNA) AZ U:15:28(ASU) AZ U:15:30(ASU) AZ U:15:32 AZ U:15:33(ASM) AZ U:15:38(MNA) AZ U:15:41 AZ U:15:46(ASM) AZ U:15:48(ASM) AZ U:15:57(ASM) AZ U:15:58 AZ U:15:59(ASM) AZ U:15:6(ASU) AZ U:15:61(ASM) AZ U:15:62(ASM) AZ U:15:69(ASM) AZ U:15:72(ASM) AZ U:15:73(ASM) AZ U:15:74(ASM) AZ U:15:75(ASM) AZ U:15:76 AZ U:15:76(ASM) AZ U:15:77 AZ U:15:77(ASM) AZ U:15:83 AZ U:15:83(ASM) AZ U:15:84 AZ U:15:84(ASM) AZ U:15:85(ASM) AZ U:15:87(ASM) AZ U:15:88 AZ U:15:88(ASM) AZ U:15:91 AZ U:15:92 AZ U:15:97(ASM) AZ U:15:98(ASM) AZ U:15:99(ASM) Casas Pequeñas Chiadag site Dust Bowl site Ellsworth site El Polvorón Frogtown Gopherette site Jones Ruin Junkyard site Las Fosas Los Canales Oidag site Rancho Sin Vacas Saguaro site Siphon Draw Smiley's Well

Site Type
Agricultural Field or Field Feature Artifact Scatter Canal or Canal Feature Compound Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Pit House / Earth Lodge Quarry Refuse Pit Reservoir Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Alignment Room Block / Compound / Pueblo Specialized Activity Sites Storage Pit Terrace Water Control Feature


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 700 to 1450


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.699; min lat: 32.87 ; max long: -111.248; max lat: 33.518 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Collaborator(s): Institute for Conservation Archaeology, Peabody Museum ; Harvard University

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Prepared By(s): Cultural Resource Management Division, Arizona State Museum ; University of Arizona

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 0-07-32-V0101

Resources Inside this Project (Viewing 1-9 of 9)

  • Documents (9)

Documents

  1. Hohokam Archaeology along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume I: Research Design (1982)
  2. Hohokam Archaeology along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume II: Supplemental Archaeological Survey (1982)
  3. Hohokam Archaeology along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume III: Specialized Activity Sites (1983)
  4. Hohokam Archaeology along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume IV: Prehistoric Occupation of the Queen Creek Delta (1984)
  5. Hohokam Archaeology along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume IX: Synthesis and Conclusions (1984)
  6. Hohokam Archaeology along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume V: Small Habitation Sites on Queen Creek (1983)
  7. Hohokam Archaeology along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume VI: Habitation Sites on the Gila River (1983)
  8. Hohokam Archaeology along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume VII: Environment and Subsistence (1984)
  9. Hohokam Archaeology along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume VIII: Material Culture (1984)
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America