Hohokam Archaeology along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume I: Research Design

Summary

This volume is the first in a series of publications associated with the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Archaeological Data Collection Studies and Supplemental Class 3 Survey Project (SGA). The project focuses principally upon data recovery at those sites potentially subject to impact as a consequence of Central Arizona Project construction along a route extending 97 km from a point south of Apache Junction, Arizona, to the Picacho Reservoir. This initial volume incorporates the results of test excavations and preliminary reconnaissance with the research design subsequently developed for investigation of the SGA sites.

Significant archaeological sites identified as potentially subject to direct impacts are principally Hohokam, with some possibility of Archaic components at four of the sites (Stein 1979a). Substantial habitation sites, smaller habitation sites that may have been fieldhouse locations, and a variety of specialized activity sites including agricultural systems are included in the SGA sample. The sites are located in a variety of environmental contexts, including the Gila River Valley, major intermittent drainages, and interdrainage areas.

The environmental, functional, and chronological diversity of these archaeological sites suggests a research design focusing on the effects of local environmental conditions upon the occupants of environmentally distinct areas, the economic and social relationships between groups occupying these areas, and change through time in relationships between groups in these areas. It is believed that through addressing these problems it will be possible to make significant contributions to our understanding of the regional development of the Hohokam system.

Cite this Record

Hohokam Archaeology along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct Central Arizona Project, Volume I: Research Design. Lynn S. Teague, Patricia L. Crown. Archaeological Series ,150. 1982 ( tDAR id: 376375) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8G73FKG

Keywords

Culture
Archaic Historic Hohokam

Material
Building Materials Ceramic Chipped Stone Fauna Fire Cracked Rock Ground Stone Human Remains Macrobotanical Pollen Shell Wood

Site Name
AZ AA:3:20(ASM) AZ AA:3:21(ASM) AZ AA:3:22(ASM) AZ AA:3:23(ASM) AZ AA:3:24(ASM) AZ AA:3:25(ASM) AZ AA:3:26(ASM) AZ AA:3:27(ASM) AZ U:10:10(ASM) AZ U:10:11(ASM) AZ U:10:12(ASM) AZ U:10:13(ASM) AZ U:10:14(ASM) AZ U:10:15(ASM) AZ U:10:16(ASM) AZ U:10:17(ASM) AZ U:10:18(ASM) AZ U:10:19(ASM) AZ U:10:20(ASM) AZ U:10:21(ASM) AZ U:10:5(ASM) AZ U:10:6(ASM) AZ U:10:7(ASM) AZ U:10:8(ASM) AZ U:14:73(ASM) Show More

Site Type
Agricultural Field or Field Feature Artifact Scatter Canal or Canal Feature Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Pit House / Earth Lodge Plaza Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Alignment Room Block / Compound / Pueblo Shade Structure / Ramada Trash Midden Water Control Feature

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 700 to 1450

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.699; min lat: 32.87 ; max long: -111.248; max lat: 33.518 ;

Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 0-07-32-V0101

NADB citation id number(s): 000000168078

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