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Cultural Resources Survey of a Portion of Dead Horse Ranch State Park, and a Proposed Alignment for a New Access Road in Yavapai County, Arizona

Author(s): M. Zyniecki ; Thomas N. Motsinger

Year: 1991

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Summary

An archaeological survey of a portion of Dead Horse Ranch State Park, Yavapai County, Arizona, was completed for the Arizona Department of Transportation and Arizona State Parks by SWCA, Inc., Environmental Consultants, under contract to Entranco Engineers, Inc., in July 1990. The project was undertaken for a proposed new access road to the park and a bridge across the Verde River as well as for proposed improvements within the park.

Sites AZ N:4:18 (ASM) and AZ N:4:31 (ASM) had been formally recorded within the project area prior to the current project. These two sites were evaluated during the survey. In addition, 21 sites and 36 isolated occurrences were formally recorded. The two previously recorded sites are eligible for inclusion to the National Register of Historic Places. All of the remaining 21 sites may be eligible for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places, although Sites AZ N:4:39 (ASM) and AZ N:4:44 (ASM) are more likely to be eligible than the others. Only Isolated Occurrence 46 of the total 36 isolated occurrences may be eligible for inclusion to the National Register of Historic Places. Two sites that were recorded during a survey in the past were not relocated during this survey.

Monitoring of the geo-technical testing revealed two subsurface cultural features. One feature was within Site AZ N:4:18 (ASM), a previously recorded site eligible for inclusion to the National Register of Historic Places. The second subsurface feature observed during geo-technical testing was outside the current boundaries for any known site. Glass fragments that may be historic or modern were uncovered in a third area.

The evaluation of all resources in the project area can be accomplished through subsequent testing, such as hand or mechanical testing, mapping, and/or systematic surface collections. In addition to aiding in the formal determination of eligibility for inclusion to the National Register of Historic Places, this may also assist Arizona State Parks in future cultural resource management planning at Dead Horse Ranch State Park. A number of sites were defined as spatially large artifact scatters. The extent of surface artifacts at several of these sites may have resulted from materials being transported by sheet wash or by historic/modern activities such as farming. Testing of sites may provide information on the distribution of subsurface features, resulting in the redefinition of site boundaries into smaller areal units. A primary result of such investigations may assist park managers with more reliable information on site limits when future improvements are planned within the park.


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Cite this Record

Cultural Resources Survey of a Portion of Dead Horse Ranch State Park, and a Proposed Alignment for a New Access Road in Yavapai County, Arizona. M. Zyniecki, Thomas N. Motsinger. Flagstaff, AZ: SWCA ,Inc. Environmental Consultants. 1991 ( tDAR id: 399336) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8QZ2CSH


Keywords

Culture
Anglo Euroamerican Historic Historic Native American

Material
Abalone Alabaster Alameda Brownware Apache Ware Aquamarine Glass Awatovi Yellowware Azurite Basalt Bird Black Glass Black Mesa Black-on-Whiteware Black-on-Grayware Black-on-Redware Black-on-Whiteware Brass Brown Glass Brownware Buffware Building Materials Cafeteria Ware Ceramic Chalcedony Chert China Chipped Stone Cibola Black-on-Whiteware Clear Glass Cobalt Glass Cohonina Ware Concrete Corn Deer Fauna Fire Cracked Rock Fish Flagstaff Black-on-Whiteware Floyd Black-on-Grayware Glass Gray Chert Grayware Green Glass Ground Stone Gypsum Board Human Remains Igneous Rock Jasper Jeddito Plainware Kana-a Black-on-Whiteware Limestone Little Colorado Whiteware Macrobotanical Malachite Masonry Metal Mollusk Obsidian Orangeware Plainware Porcelain Prescott Black-on-Grayware Prescott Grayware Purple Glass Quartzite Rabbit Red Chert Red Jasper Red-on-Buffware Redware Rhyolite River Cobble Rodent Sandstone San Francisco Grayware San Francisco Mountain Grayware Tsegi Orangeware Tusayan Black-on-Redware Tusayan Black-on-Whiteware Tusayan Whiteware Tuzigoot Redware Verde Brownware Verde Grayware Vesicular Basalt White Porcelain Whiteware Wingfield Plainware Yellow Chert Yellow Jasper Yellowware

Site Name
AZ N:4:18 (ASM) AZ N:4:31 (ASM) AZ N:4:32 (ASM) AZ N:4:33 (ASM) AZ N:4:34 (ASM) AZ N:4:35 (ASM) AZ N:4:36 (ASM) AZ N:4:37 (ASM); AZ N:4:38 (ASM) AZ N:4:39 (ASM) AZ N:4:40 (ASM) AZ N:4:41 (ASM) AZ N:4:42 (ASM) AZ N:4:43 (ASM) AZ N:4:44 (ASM) AZ N:4:45 (ASM) AZ N:4:46 (ASM) AZ N:4:47 (ASM) AZ N:4:48 (ASM) AZ N:4:49 (ASM) AZ N:4:50 (ASM) AZ N:4:51 (ASM) AZ N:4:54 (MNA) AZ N:8:21 (ASM) Ireye Site Kish Site

Site Type
Agricultural Field or Field Feature Agricultural or Herding Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Ash Lens Ash Stain Cairn Charcoal Lens Charcoal Stain Check Dam Cobble Structure Concrete Structure Depression Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Encampment Field House? Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Grinding Stone Homestead Irrigation Ditch Isolated Artifact Isolated Burial Limestone Cairn Limestone Rock Alignment Limestone Rockshelter Limestone Structure Limestone Wall Lithic Scatter Masonry Room Masonry Structure Milling Feature Organic Stain Petroglyph Pit Pit House Pit House / Earth Lodge Pit House Depression Post Hole Post Hole / Post Mold Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Rock Alignment Rock Cairn Rock Circle Rock-Lined Pit? Rock Pile Rock Shelter Rock Structure Outiline Rock Wall Sandstone Structure Settlements Sherd Scatter Stone Foundation Structure Structure Outline Terrace Thermal Feature Trash Scatter Wall Water Control Feature

Investigation Types
Ethnographic Research Ethnohistoric Research Historic Background Research Reconnaissance / Survey

General
Adult Burial Alabaster Button Automobile Spring Baling Wire Basalt Chopper Basalt Flake Basalt Hammerstone Basalt Mano Basalt Metate Basin Metate Bead Beer Bottle Bottle Bottle Cap Brass Shotgun Shell Brown Crockery Bucket Burned Bone Button Cafeteria Ware Mug Can Can Lid Chalcedony Flake Chert Core Chert Flake China Plate Chopper Cinder Block Clem Homestead Copper Wire Core Corn Cob Crimped Can Crockery Female Burial Flake Friction Tin Lid Glass Bead Glass Bottle Graffiti Grinding Slab Hammerstone Harmonica Reed Hole-in-Cap Can Hoop Horse Shoe Igneous Rock Flake Lard Tin Levi's Limestone Core Lumber Mano Metal Bucket Metal Button Metal Hoop Metal Pan Metate Military Button Milk Bucket Mug No. 12 U.S. Climax Obsidian Flake Obsidian Projectile Point Pan Perfume Bottle Peters No. 20 H.V. Plate Pocket Rivet Projectile Point Quartzite Core Quartzite Flake Quartzite Hammerstone Remington-UMC Remington UMC No. 12 NITRO CLUB REM-UMC No. 10 Arrow REM UMC No. 16 NITRO CLUB Rhyolite Mano Rio Verde Indian Reservation Sandstone Core Sandstone Flake Sandstone Hammerstone Sandstone Mano Sandstone Metate Seed Bead Shatter Shell Button Shell Casing Shingle Shotgun Shell Shovel Head Soldered Can Spring Stove Chimney Tin Tricycle Wheel UMC Co. No. 12 NITRO Wheel Whiskey Bottle Winchester New Rival No. 10 Winchester No. 12 Super Speed Wire Wood Stove Leg WRA Co. 30 WCF

Geographic Keywords
Arizona (State / Territory) Coconino National Forest Cottonwood, AZ Dead Horse Ranch State Park Middle Verde Valley Verde River Yavapai (County)

Temporal Keywords
Ceramic Period Historic Period Prehistoric Protohistoric Verde Valley Phase 2 Verde Valley Phase 3 Verde Valley Phase 4 Verde Valley Phase 5


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1900 to 1920 (Approximate date range of use of AZ N:4:48 (ASM).)

Calendar Date: 1050 to 1399 (Approximate date range of use of AZ N:4:31 (ASM).)

Calendar Date: 800 to 1991 (Dates of use of Dead Horse Ranch State Park Land. 800 is an approximate date of earliest occupation. Use extended to at least the time of writing of the report, 1991.)

Calendar Date: 1850 to 1929 (Date range of historic artifacts found at AZ N:4:39 (ASM).)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.032; min lat: 34.742 ; max long: -112.011; max lat: 34.769 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Paula Pflepsen

Contributor(s): Thomas Motsinger ; Thomas Messerli ; David Purcell

Field Director(s): M. Zyniecki

Prepared By(s): SWCA, Inc. Environmental Consultants

Submitted To(s): Entranco Engineers,Inc ; Arizona Department of Transportation


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Cultural-Resource-Survey-at-Dead-Horse-Ranch-State-Park.pdf 2.80mb Jan 10, 1991 Sep 23, 2015 10:05:04 AM Confidential
This file is unredacted.
Cultural-Resource-Survey-at-Dead-Horse-Ranch-State-Park_Redact... 3.51mb Jan 10, 1991 Feb 23, 2016 10:29:07 AM Public
Text or figures on pages 1, 3-4, 7-8, 12, 25, 44, 46, 50, 52, 54, 56, 59, 62, 68, 70, 72, 74, 81-82, 84, 89, 91-93, 95, 97, 99, 102, 105, and 108-109 have been redacted in this file.

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Paula Pflepsen

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America