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Mitigation Plan for the Salt-Gila Aqueduct

Author(s): Pat H. Stein

Year: 1979

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Summary

In 1978, the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) directed the Museum of Northern Arizona (MNA) to complete an intensive archaeological survey of the proposed alignment for the Salt-Gila Aqueduct, a feature of the Central Arizona Project. The survey area was 11,115 acres and included the 60 mile-long transmission line (with a typical width of 200 meters), three proposed utility line locations, one flood retention dike location, 11 possible spoil or realignment areas, and a subsidence well. Seventy archaeological sites were recorded during this survey, 25 of which were incorporated into 2 archaeological districts. Following pedestrian survey, the MNA also conducted archaeological testing at selected sites to evaluate their eligibility for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). Both districts and nearly all of the sites were evaluated as significant because of the scientific data they could be expected to yield.

The survey had two general goals: 1) to assess the significance of archaeological resources in the project area and to recommend ways of mitigating adverse impacts to them which might result from construction and 2) to generate and synthesize data that would significantly enhance scientific knowledge about the project area, specifically about the use of the area through time.

This report addresses the first goal and provides a plan to mitigate the adverse impacts to NRHP eligible properties that might arise from construction.The synthetic report that addresses the second goal can be found at tDAR ID 53594.


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Cite this Record

Mitigation Plan for the Salt-Gila Aqueduct. Pat H. Stein. Flagstaff, AZ: Museum of Northern Arizona. 1979 ( tDAR id: 53593) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8MP554P


Keywords

Culture
Anglo Archaic Euroamerican Historic Historic Native American Hohokam Mexican Mexican-American Yuman

Material
Adobe Andesite Basalt Black-on-Whiteware Bone Brass Buffware Building Materials Burin Casa Grande Red-on-Buffware Ceramic Chert Chipped Stone Clay Cobble Concrete Fine Grained Basalt Fire Cracked Rock Gila Butte Red-on-Buffware Gila Plainware Gila Polychrome Ware Gila Redware Glass Granite Ground Stone Jasper Lower Colorado Buffware Macrobotanical Metal Mineral Obsidian Plainware Polychrome Ware Purple Glass Quartz Quartzite Redware Rhyolite Sacaton Red-on-Buffware Salt Redware Santa Cruz Red-on-Buffware Shell Slate Tin Tonto Polychrome Ware Whiteware Wingfield Plainware Wood Zea sp.

Site Name
AZ AA:3:10 (MNA) AZ AA:3:2 (MNA) AZ AA:3:3 (MNA) AZ AA:3:4 (MNA) AZ AA:3:5 (MNA) AZ AA:3:6 (MNA) AZ AA:3:7 (MNA) AZ AA:3:8 (MNA) AZ AA:3:9 (MNA) AZ U:10:1 (MNA) AZ U:10:10 (ASM) AZ U:10:10 (MNA) AZ U:10:11 (ASM) AZ U:10:11 (MNA) AZ U:10:12 (MNA) AZ U:10:13 (MNA) AZ U:10:14 (MNA) AZ U:10:15 (MNA) AZ U:10:16 (MNA) AZ U:10:17 (MNA) AZ U:10:18 (MNA) AZ U:10:2 (MNA) AZ U:10:3 (MNA) AZ U:10:4 (MNA) AZ U:10:5 (ASM) AZ U:10:5 (MNA) AZ U:10:52 (ASU) AZ U:10:6 (ASM) AZ U:10:6 (MNA) AZ U:10:7 (ASM) AZ U:10:7 (MNA) AZ U:10:8 (ASM) AZ U:10:8 (MNA) AZ U:10:9 (MNA) AZ U:14:2 (MNA) AZ U:14:31 (ASU) AZ U:15:10 (ASU) AZ U:15:10 (MNA) AZ U:15:11 (ASU) AZ U:15:11 (MNA) AZ U:15:12 (ASU) AZ U:15:12 (MNA) AZ U:15:13 (ASM) AZ U:15:13 (MNA) AZ U:15:14 (MNA) AZ U:15:15 (ASM) AZ U:15:15 (MNA) AZ U:15:16 (MNA) AZ U:15:17 (MNA) AZ U:15:18 (MNA) AZ U:15:19 (ASM) AZ U:15:19 (MNA) AZ U:15:2 (MNA) AZ U:15:20 (MNA) AZ U:15:21 (MNA) AZ U:15:22 (MNA) AZ U:15:23 (MNA) AZ U:15:24 (MNA) AZ U:15:25 (MNA) AZ U:15:26 (MNA) AZ U:15:27 (MNA) AZ U:15:28 (ASU) AZ U:15:28 (MNA) AZ U:15:29 (MNA) AZ U:15:3 (ASU) AZ U:15:3 (MNA) AZ U:15:30 (ASU) AZ U:15:30 (MNA) AZ U:15:31 (MNA) AZ U:15:32 (MNA) AZ U:15:33 (MNA) AZ U:15:34 (MNA) AZ U:15:35 (MNA) AZ U:15:36 (MNA) AZ U:15:37 (MNA) AZ U:15:38 (MNA) AZ U:15:39 (MNA) AZ U:15:4 (MNA) AZ U:15:40 (MNA) AZ U:15:41 (MNA) AZ U:15:42 (MNA) AZ U:15:43 (MNA) AZ U:15:46 (ASM) AZ U:15:47 (ASM) AZ U:15:48 (ASM) AZ U:15:5 (MNA) AZ U:15:6 (MNA) AZ U:15:7 (ASU) AZ U:15:7 (MNA) AZ U:15:8 (MNA) AZ U:15:9 (MNA) Florence 8:2 (Gila Pueblo) Florence Cemetery Los Canales Ruin Mesquite Flats Ruin NA15,610 NA15,611 NA15,612 NA15,613 NA15,614 NA15,615 NA15,616 NA15,617 NA15,618 NA15,619 NA15,620 NA15,621 NA15,622 NA15,623 NA15,624 NA15,625 NA15,626 NA15,627 NA15,628 NA15,629 NA15,630 NA15,631 NA15,632 NA15,633 NA15,634 NA15,635 NA15,636 NA15,637 NA15,638 NA15,639 NA15,640 NA15,641 NA15,642 NA15,643 NA15,644 NA15,645 NA15,646 NA15,647 NA15,648 NA15,649 NA15,650 NA15,651 NA15,652 NA15,653 NA15,654 NA15,655 NA15,656 NA15,657 NA15,658 NA15,659 NA15,660 NA15,661 NA15,662 NA15,663 NA15,664 NA15,665 NA15,666 NA15,667 NA15,668 NA15,669 NA15,670 NA15,671 NA15,672 NA15,728 NA15,756 NA15,771 NA15,772 NA15,773 NA15,774 NA15,775

Site Type
Adobe Compound Adobe Foundation Adobe Pueblo Agricultural or Herding Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Ball Court Ball Court-Shaped Structure Barbed Wire Fence Basalt Petroglyph Canal Canal or canal feature Cemetery Cobble Platform Cobble Room Cobble Structure Compound Concrete Foundation Concrete Trough Core Cremation Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Fence Foundation Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Historic structure Homestead House House Foundation Hunting / Trapping Imhoff Tank Lithic Scatter Midden Military Base Military structure Non-Domestic Structures Outbuilding Oval Oven Oven Petroglyph Pit Pit House Pit house / earth lodge Platform Plaza Pueblo Reservoir Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Roasting Pit Roasting pit / oven / horno Rock alignment Rock Art Rock Pile Rock Ring Room Room Block Settlements Sewage Treatment Plant Sherd Scatter Stone Oven Structure Tank Trash midden Trash Mound Trough

Investigation Types
Reconnaissance / Survey

General
Andesite Flake Ash Basalt Core Basalt Debitage Basalt Flake Basalt Hammerstone Basalt Mano Basalt Metate Basalt Tool Bifacial Chopper Blade Bottle Bowl Brass Window Wedge Burial Marker Burned Clay Can Central Arizona Project Ceramic Bowl Ceramic Jar Ceramic Vessel Charcoal Chert Core Chert Flake Chert Lithic Chert Projectile Point Chert Scraper Chopper Cobble Mano Coolidge-Florence Municipal Airport Cross Cupule (Zea sp.) Debitage Dicotyledon Flake Flake Tool Florence Archeological District Florence Retarding Dam Glass Bottle Granite Mano Granite Reed Dam Graver Grinding Implement Hammerstone Hoe Jar Jasper Flake Kernel (Zea sp.) Knife Lithic Magma Railroad Mano Metate Mitigation Nail Obsidian Tool One-Handed Mano Pounding Tool Power Line Retarding Dam Projectile Point Quartz Debitage Quartzite Mano Quartz Tool Queen Creek Archeological District Rhyolite Core Rhyolite Flake Rhyolite Tool Rittenhouse Air Force Auxiliary Field Salt-Gila Aqueduct Salt-Gila Aqueduct and Transmission System Schist Blade Schist Hoe Scraper Skull Slab Metate Slate Knife Sonoran Style Architecture Tin Can Tool Trash Vessel Vineyard Road Retarding Dam Window Wedge Wooden Cross

Geographic Keywords
04999 (Fips Code) All Counties (County) Apache Junction, AZ Arizona (State / Territory) Florence, AZ Florence Canal Florence - Casa Grande Canal Gila Floodplain Gila River Gila River Siphon North America (Continent) Picacho Reservoir Queen Creek Queen Creek Basin Salt River Siphon Draw Superstition Mountains Weekes Wash

Temporal Keywords
1890s 1891 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 19th Century 20th Century Classic Period Colonial Period Historic Late Colonial Period Prehistoric Sedentary Period World War II


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.621; min lat: 32.94 ; max long: -111.174; max lat: 33.378 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Landowner(s): Private Owner ; Federal ; State ; City of Florence ; Bureau of Land Management

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Permitting Agency(s): Department of Interior ; Arizona State Museum ; Bureau of Land Management

Prepared By(s): Museum of Northern Arizona

Submitted To(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Arizona State Museum Permit No. (s): 78-01

Bureau of Land Management Permit No.(s): PD-18

Department of the Interior Antiquities Act Permit No.(s): 75-AZ-102

NADB Citation ID No.(s): 000000168026

Contract or Grant No.(s): 8-07-32-V0043

NADB Document ID No.(s): 2203924

Report No.(s): DI-BR-APO-CCRS-79-I

Performing Oraganization Report No.(s): A-77-126

Notes

General Note: The copy of the document cited within NADB is available at Bureau of Reclamation, Box 25007, Denver CO 80255; and was sent to that address by the Museum of Northern Arizona.


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
CCRS-1979-001-Mitigation-Plan-for-the-Salt-Gila-Aqueduct.pdf 8.63mb Apr 1, 1979 Mar 16, 2016 4:13:27 PM Confidential
This file is unredacted.

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America