Archeological Investigations Along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct

Author(s): Pat H. Stein

Year: 1979


In 1978, the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) directed the Museum of Northern Arizona (MNA) to complete an intensive archaeological survey of the proposed alignment for the Salt-Gila Aqueduct, a feature of the Central Arizona Project. The survey area was 11,115 acres and included the 60 mile-long transmission line (with a typical width of 200 meters), three proposed utility line locations, one flood retention dike location, 11 possible spoil or realignment areas, and a subsidence well. Seventy archaeological sites were recorded during this survey. Following pedestrian survey, the MNA also conducted archaeological testing at selected sites to evaluate their eligibility for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places.

The survey had two general goals: 1) to assess the significance of archaeological resources in the project area and to recommend ways of mitigating adverse impacts to them which might result from construction and 2) to generate and synthesize data that would significantly enhance scientific knowledge about the project area, specifically about the use of the area through time.

This report addresses the second goal and synthesizes the survey data providing models of aboriginal utilization of riverine and nonriverine resource zones in the study area. The mitigation report that addresses the first goal can be found at tDAR ID 53593.

Cite this Record

Archeological Investigations Along the Salt-Gila Aqueduct. Pat H. Stein. Flagstaff, AZ: Museum of Northern Arizona. 1979 ( tDAR id: 53594) ; doi:10.6067/XCV83N257S

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Anglo Archaic Cochise Euroamerican Historic Hohokam Mexican-American Pima Yuman

Adobe Andesite Barbed Wire Basalt Bone Brass Buffware Building Materials Casa Grande Red-on-Buffware Ceramic Chalcedony Chipped Stone Cobble Cruciferae Euphorbia sp. Fire Cracked Rock Gila Butte Red-on-Buffware Gila Plainware Gila Plainware, Gila Variety Gila Plainware, Salt Variety Gila Polychrome Ware Gila Redware Glass Granite Ground Stone Show More

Site Name
AZ:U:15:28 (MNA) AZ AA:3:10 (ASM) AZ AA:3:10 (MNA) AZ AA:3:2 (MNA) AZ AA:3:3 (MNA) AZ AA:3:4 (MNA) AZ AA:3:5 (MNA) AZ AA:3:6 (MNA) AZ AA:3:7 (MNA) AZ AA:3:8 (MNA) AZ AA:3:9 (MNA) AZ U:10:1 (MNA) AZ U:10:10 (ASM) AZ U:10:10 (MNA) AZ U:10:11 (MNA) AZ U:10:12 (MNA) AZ U:10:13 (MNA) AZ U:10:14 (MNA) AZ U:10:15 (MNA) AZ U:10:16 (MNA) AZ U:10:17 (MNA) AZ U:10:18 (MNA) AZ U:10:2 (MNA) AZ U:10:3 (ASM) AZ U:10:3 (MNA) Show More

Site Type
Adobe Foundation Adobe Pueblo Agricultural Field or Field Feature Agricultural or Herding Air Force Base Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Ball Court Barbed Wire Fence Brick Foundation Camp Canal Canal or Canal Feature Cemetery Chicken Coop Foundation Cobble Platform Mound Cobble Room Cobble Structure Concrete Trough Cremation Cremation Area Depression Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Encampment Show More

Investigation Types
Archaeological Overview

Andesite Flake Andesite Scraper Andesite Tool Axe Basalt Core Basalt Debitage Basalt Flake Basalt Graver Basalt Hammerstone Basalt Mano Basalt Metate Basalt Tool Bifacial Chopper Blade Bone (Human) Bowl Brass Window Wedge Burin Central Arizona Project Ceramic Pipe Chert Projectile Point Chert Scraper Chopper Comales Conduit Pipe Show More

Geographic Keywords
04999 (Fips Code) Apache Junction, AZ Arizona (State / Territory) Coolidge-Florence Municipal Airport Florence, AZ Florence Archeological District Florence - Casa Grande Canal Florence Retarding Dam Gila River Granite Reef Dam Picacho Mountain Picacho Reservoir Power Line Retarding Dam Queen Creek Queen Creek Archeological District Queen Creek Basin Rittenhouse Air Force Auxiliary Field Salt River Sonoran Desert Superstition Mountains Tonto National Forest Vineyard Road Retarding Dam Weekes Wash

Temporal Keywords
1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 19th Century 20th Century Civano Phase Classic Period Colonial Period Gila Butte Phase Historic Prehistoric Santa Cruz Phase Sedentary Period Soho Phase World War II

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.583; min lat: 32.868 ; max long: -111.289; max lat: 33.548 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Museum of Northern Arizona; Department of the Interior; Arizona State Museum; Bureau of Land Management; Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): A. E. Rogge; Thomas Barrs; Thomas Caldwell; Joan DeCosta; Stanley Granger; Kerry Jablonski; Robert Jablonski; Michael Miklochik; Scott Sargeant; Clarence Vynalek; Marla Yablon; Mark Keane; Ronald Yablon; David Greenwald; Cynthia Appel; Karen Chartier; Lonnie Viklund; Paul Fish, Dr.; William Doelle; Robert Nickel; Melvin Persons; Paul R. Fish

Landowner(s): Private Owner; Bureau of Reclamation; State of Arizona; U. S. Air Force; City of Florence; City of Coolidge; Coolidge-Florence Municipal Airport; Bureau of Land Management

Sponsor(s): United States Bureau of Reclamation, USDI

Record Identifiers

Bureau of Land Management Permit No.(s): PD-18

Department of the Interior Antiquities Act Permit No.(s): 75-AZ-102

NADB Citation ID No.(s): 000000168025

Contract or Grant No.(s): 8-07-32-V0043

NADB Document ID No.(s): 2203923

Arizona State Museum Permit No.(s): 78-01

Report No.(s): DI-BR-APO-CCRS79-3, A-77-126


General Note: The copy of this document from which the NADB record was made can be found at Bureau of Reclamation, Box 25007, Denver CO 80255.

File Information

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CCRS-1979-003-Archaeological-Investigations-along-the-Salt-Gil... 6.50mb Nov 1, 2016 Jun 2, 2016 1:36:18 PM Confidential
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Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

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