The Beeline Archaeological Project

Author(s): Richard W. Effland; Scott Fedick

Year: 1990


The Salt River Project (SRP) and Arizona Public Service Company (APS) constructed three transmission lines along a portion of the Beeline Highway on the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community (SRPMIC). SRP proposed to build a new line that connects the Pinnacle Peak, Brandow, and Papago Buttes substations. At the same time, APS proposed to realign two existing transmission lines and move them out of the Salt River channel and onto the north terrace above the river. Prior to construction, Archaeological Consulting Services Ltd. (ACS) was contracted to perform cultural resource investigations for both the SRP and APS portions of the project. A total of 13 identified sites were evaluated in 1984 as significant and, as such, potentially eligible for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places. Not all of these sites would be affected by the proposed transmission line development however. The recommendations of the studies were: (1) both SRP and APS should work to minimize adverse effects by carefully designing pole and access locations, and (2) a data recovery program to negate any adverse effects of the proposed development project should be prepared and implemented. The data recovery work was performed under the authority of the SRPMIC and an ARPA permit from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Phoenix Area Office (BIA) (permit No. ACS/SR/PAO/0001A). Artifacts and notes were to be curated by the SRPMIC.

Cite this Record

The Beeline Archaeological Project. Richard W. Effland, Scott Fedick. Tempe, AZ: Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. 1990 ( tDAR id: 406055) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8406055

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Archaic Historic Historic Native American Hohokam Pima

Adobe Agate Agave Agave sp. Amaranthus sp. Amethyst Glass Aqua Glass Arrow-Weed Basalt Bone Brown Glass Buffware Building Materials Cactaceae Cactus Carpet-Weed Casa Grande Red-on-Buffware Cattle Centrosperm Ceramic cf. Bos taurus Cheno-Am Chenopodium sp. Chert Chipped Stone Clay Cottonwood Cruciferae Descurainia sp. Desert Broom Douglas Fir Echinocereus sp. Fauna Fire Cracked Rock Fishhook Cactus Gila Plainware Gila Polychrome Ware Glass Gold Mica Gramineae Ground Stone Hackberry Hedgehog Cactus Hornblende Iron Jacal Large Mammal Lower Colorado Buffware Macrobotanical Mammal Mammillaria sp. Mesquite Metal Mica Mica Schist Mineral Mollugo sp. Monocot Mule Deer Mustard Obsidian Odocoileus sp. Panic Grass Panicum sp. Parker Buffware Parker Red-on-Buffware Phyllite Pincushion Cactus Plainware Plantago sp. Plantain Polychrome Ware Ponderosa Pine Porcelain Prosopis sp. Quartzite Red-on-Buffware Redware Rhyolite Sacaton Red-on-Buffware Salt Redware Sand Schist Sheet Iron Shell Silver Mica Steel Stoneware Sycamore Tansy Mustard Tin Tonto Plainware Tonto Polychrome Ware White Fir Wingfield Plainware Wood Show More

Site Name
AZ U:9:10 (ASU) AZ U:9:14 (ASU) AZ U:9:15 (ASU) AZ U:9:19 (ASU) AZ U:9:61 (ASU) AZ U:9:62 (ASU) AZ U:9:64 (ASU) AZ U:9:65 (ASU) AZ U:9:67 (ASU) AZ U:9:68 (ASU) AZ U:9:8 (ASU) AZ U:9:9 (ASU)

Site Type
Adobe Structure Agricultural or Herding Archaeological Feature Arrow Rock Alignment Artifact Scatter Canal Canal or Canal Feature Charcoal Deposit Compound Compound Wall Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Hearth Historic Structure Horno Jacal Structure Limited Activity Site Lithic Scatter Midden Oven Pit Platform Mound Plaza Post Hole Post Hole / Post Mold Pot Bust Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Roasting Pit Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Alignment Rock Cluster Rock Oven Rock Ring Room Room Block / Compound / Pueblo Sherd Scatter Structure Trash Midden Trash Mound Wall Show More

Investigation Types
Site Evaluation / Testing

ACS American Bottle Co. APS Baby Food Bottle Baling Wire Basalt Debitage Basalt Flake Bean Bean (Mesquite) Bean (Prosopis sp.) Beverage Can BIA Biface Bone (Animal) Bottle Bowl Buffware Jar Bullet Can Cartridge Case Caudex Caudex (Agave) Caudex (Agave sp.) Ceramic Bowl Chert Debitage Chert Flake Clay Marble Coffee Can Construction Nail Core Core Tool Disk Doll Doll Foot Doll Leg Federal Cartridge Co. Fence Staple Flake Flake Tool Framing Member Fruit Can Frying Pan Glass Bottle Glass Marble Globe Grain Grain (Gramineae) Grain (Grass) Hammerstone Heart Heart (Agave) Heart (Agave sp.) Hole-in-Cap Can Hollow Globe Horseshoe Horseshoe Nail Iron Pan Iron Shovel Blade Jar Knife Ligule (Panic Grass) Ligule (Panicum sp.) Lincoln Penny Lithic Debitage Marble Meat Can Mellin's Food Co. Metal Disk Metal Globe Metal Screw Top Nail Nursing Bottle Nut Penny Peters Cartridge Co. Pistol Cartridge Case Plainware Bowl Plainware Jar Porcelain doll Preserve Jar Railroad Spike Redware Bowl Remington-Union Metallic Cartridge Co. Rifle Cartridge Case Roof Cast Round Spike Safety Pin Salt River Project Sanitary Can Screw Screw Top Seafood Can Seed Seed (Carpet-Weed) Seed (Centrosperm) Seed (Cheno-Am) Seed (Cruciferae) Seed (Descurainia sp.) Seed (Echinocereus sp.) Seed (Fishhook Cactus) Seed (Hedgehog Cactus) Seed (Mammillaria sp.) Seed (Mollugo sp.) Seed (Mustard) Seed (Pincushion Cactus) Seed (Plaintain) Seed (Plantago sp.) Seed (Tansy Mustard) Shotgun Cartridge Case Shovel Blade Spike Spine Spine (Cactacaeae) Spine (Cactus) SRP SRPMIC Stem Stem (Monocot) Stem (Panic Grass) Stem (Panicum sp.) Stoneware Jar Stove Pipe Wire Surveyor's Stake Tabular Knife Thatching Tin Can Tobacco Can Union Metallic Cartridge Company Vegetable Can Western Cartridge Co. Whithall-Tatun & Company Winchester Repeating Arms Co. Wire Wire Staple Wire Wrapping Wooden Stake Wood Screw Show More

Geographic Keywords
Arizona (State / Territory) Basin and Range Physiographic Province Desert Region Maricopa (County) Mesa Terrace Phoenix Basin Salt River Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community Salt River Valley western Arizona

Temporal Keywords
Classic Period Historic Prehistoric Sedentary Period

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.832; min lat: 33.463 ; max long: -111.792; max lat: 33.509 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): Simon Krauss; Michael Leonard; Phillip Lopez; Eric Rhoades; David Enas; Gwen Enos; Terry Leonard

Field Director(s): Scott L. Fedick

Lab Director(s): Margerie Green; Owen Lindauer

Project Director(s): Richard Effland

Sponsor(s): Richard Anduze

Permitting Agency(s): Bureau of Indian Affairs

Repository(s): Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community

Submitted To(s): Arizona Public Service Company; Salt River Project; Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community

Record Identifiers

BIA Permit No.(s): ACS/SR/PAO/0001A

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1990_EfflandFedick_TheBeelineArchaeological_Redacted.pdf 92.96mb Sep 28, 2021 1:32:37 PM Public
This file is a redacted copy.
1990_EfflandFedick_TheBeelineArchaeological.pdf 55.92mb Oct 31, 1990 Jul 4, 2016 11:33:42 PM Confidential
This file is unredacted.

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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

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